Maidenhair - Officinal and medicinal plant or herb

Maidenhair - Officinal and medicinal plant or herb


Adiantum capillus veneris





The maidenhair, scientific name Adiantum capillus veneris, belongs to the family of Polypodiaceae and a plant that belongs to the much larger group known as ferns.

The maidenhair as a medicinal and medicinal plant is contemplated in several world pharmacopoeias but not by the Italian Official Pharmacopoeia (F.U.I.).


The properties of the maidenhair fern are due to its active ingredients: tannins; phenols such as campferol derivatives such as adiantone; triterpenoids; sulfur esters of hydroxycinnamic acid; mucilage; tires; small amounts of essential oils; sugars and alicicic acids.

All these components give the maidenhair the following therapeutic properties:

  • treatment of respiratory tract diseases: colds, coughs, phlegm exerting a fluidifying and soothing action, hoarseness, aphonia, bronchitis, asthma and respiratory problems in general;
  • help in the case of difficult digestions as it acts on the liver by enhancing its functionality even at the biliary level;
  • it favors the production of sweat (diaphoretic) therefore it always helps in the case of respiratory tract diseases;
  • promotes diuresis so it is a blood purifier;
  • it is a regularizer of the menstrual flow by also making the disappeared menstruation reappear;
  • tannins as astringent and anti-inflammatory make it particularly suitable in cases of bleeding, also regulating blood pressure;
  • it is an excellent help for those with hair loss problems as it acts on the hair follicles slowing down and fighting hair loss;
  • It is also recommended for smoking and alcoholism as it reduces the urge to drink and smoke.


The parts used of the maidenhair fern are the aerial parts, therefore the fronds but sometimes also the rhizomes.

The optimal period for harvesting is when the plant has spores, which roughly coincides with the summer - autumn months. In any case, it can be collected even when it is free of spores, as long as the fronds are fresh and not dry.

Once freshly harvested, the fronds are hung upside down, collected in bunches and left to dry in well-ventilated, warm and dark places. After that they can be stored in glass or porcelain jars, closed and placed in the shade.


As a decoction against asthma, to promote menstruation; gargling with decoctions for sore throats; as an infusion against stubborn cough, colds, hoarseness, bronchial phlegm, smoking, alcoholism; as a poultice for external use to increase milk secretion.

The decoction is rubbed into the hair in cosmetics against hair loss, as an anti-dandruff and against greasy hair.


It was the French physician Lobelius, one of the most famous botanists of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries who first experimented on himself the maidenhair against asthma and whooping cough.


There are no particular reports in the use of capelvanere although it is always better to consult your GP before using it.


For its botanical characteristics and cultivation techniques, see the page: Maidenhair.


You see: Maidenhair - The language of flowers and plants

Melissa officinalis

lemon balm, true lemon balm, lemon grass, lemon grass, citraggine, appiastro, cedar grass [1]

There real lemon balm (scientific name Melissa officinalis L., 1753) is a small aromatic herbaceous perennial plant with delicate labiati flowers belonging to the Lamiaceae family. [2]

Medicinal and aromatic herbs and spices

There ancient medical therapy was based on the knowledge of plants and their properties and it was the only possible remedy. The Druidesse Celtic (priestesses) before and the Herbarie (Women of the Herbs) were great connoisseurs of Nature and they used herbs and medicinal plants a curative purpose.

The name "Officinalis" derives from their use in "Workshops" of apothecaries, who knew the techniques of processing and conservation and prepared oils, ointments, perfumes for remedies, herbal teas and cosmetic products.

The variety of herbs is enormous and each territory has it own tradition, according to the type of flora which determines the species of officinal herbs present, still used today in pharmaceutical workshops.

What is the difference between medical herbs and medicinal herbs?
According to theWorld Health Organization (WHO), among herbs and medicinal plants are defined "medicines " those who "contain in one or more organs, substances that can be used for therapeutic or preventive purposes or that are precursors of chemopharmaceutical hemisynthesis ", from which they derive pharmacologically active preparations.

For the herbal preparation of natural products, we tend to use the plant / medicinal herb in its entirety (leaves, flowers, bark, roots, seeds), because this whole, said phytocomplex, characterizes its properties and offers a low threshold of contraindications, and side effects and a synergistic work of the active ingredients.

Medicinal herbs are processed through drying, maceration, extraction, infusion, decoction etc. to then be destined to therapeutic or food purposes.

Today the "officinal herbs”Are those used to preserve the health and well-being of people then we also find aromatic herbs and spices, mainly used for food use or in the production of supplements, cosmetics and household products.

The Herbs and the Spices contain numerous nutrients, vitamins and minerals. For this reason they are mainly used in kitchen to make food tastier, more fragrant, to replace or at least decrease the amount of salt used or to prolong the preservation of food. But we also find them used:

  • in herbal medicine, fresh or dried, for the preparation of supplements, infusions and herbal teas
  • for the artisan preparation of perfumes, creams and ointments
  • for the preparation of liqueurs
  • in chemical industries for the extraction of essences for food, cosmetic or pharmaceutical purposes.

Herbs are distinguished from spices because they are mainly used fresh, while spices are dried.

L'Italy, thanks to its geographical position and its luxuriant flora, has a great variety of aromatic herbs, while the spices that we use come mostly fromAfrica and fromOrient.

Do you like the topic? Read also Naturopathy.

Use of mallow for beauty:

The decoction of flowers, applied in tablets, it is particularly effective for reducing dark spots on the skin of the hands.

A calming decoction prepared against skin dehydration, dermatosis and irritation due to environmental factors, is obtained by boiling 3 pinches of mallow and 1/4 liter of water for 5 minutes.

In rashes of allergic origin, apply compresses soaked in an infusion obtained with 2 pinches of mallow and 5 heads of chamomile, (for 7 minutes in 1/2 liter of boiling water).

Medicinal properties of licorice and herbal teas

For internal use:

the presence of glycyrrhizinic acid in the plant exposes to hypertension, so it will be good to stick to the indicated doses. Furthermore, licorice root has a beneficial action on stomach and duodenal ulcers. It has an emollient action in cases of persistent cough, favoring the elimination of phlegm from the bronchi. In these cases, 2-3 cups a day of an infusion thus obtained are recommended: 2 pinches of licorice, 2 of hyssop, 2 of thyme, 1 of rose petals, left to infuse for 4 minutes in a cup of boiling water sweeten with honey. To facilitate digestion, one is indicated herbal tea, to drink after meals, prepared with 2 pinches of licorice, 2 heads of chamomile, 1 pinch of lime, 1 of lemon balm, left to infuse 4 minutes in 1 cup of boiling water.

Video: 10 Essential Medicinal Herbs to Grow for Making Home Remedies