Without unpretentious but charming annuals, any flower bed looks incomplete. However, when choosing annual plants, the huge number of them, as well as the differences in growing conditions, confuse. The optimal solution is the selection of species and varieties of summer plants that bloom at the same time and make up a harmonious composition. The right plants will make your garden unique.
Let's try to understand the variety of annuals to make it easier to make a choice.
Annual garden plants
The growth and development of plants depend on their needs for a certain soil composition and acidity, moisture level and the amount of sunlight. For example, marigolds can grow on any soil, but on the sand they will be squat and low-flowered, and on black soil with regular watering, you can get tall, lush and flower-covered bushes. The seeding depth is also important: it should be no more than 2 cm.
In the photo: Marigolds
Petunias sprout slowly, and they need to be sown into the ground not earlier than the end of May, so gardeners prefer to grow these flowers in seedlings. Petunia seeds are sown in cups, and then the grown seedlings are planted in open ground. Ampel varieties look great in large flowerpots and containers. Delicate petunia flowers are afraid of excess moisture, their flowers can lose their decorative effect after heavy rains, so it is better to place petunias under a canopy. If you plant annuals near roses, their thorny bushes will serve as protection for petunias.
In the photo: Petunia
Alyssum is preferably planted around the perimeter of the flower bed, in the center of which clematis or roses can grow. Alyssum grows very densely and prevents weeds from growing. He does not like shade, so it is better not to sow him under trees. This summer is happy to coexist with shrubs. Alyssum seeds are sown in late spring directly into open ground. There are varieties of alissum that have not only high decorative qualities, but also the aroma of honey.
In the photo: Alyssum
Wormwood, or Californian escholzia, attracts attention with bright yellow, red and orange flowers, which fully open only on sunny days. In the dark and in cloudy weather, the wormwood flowers are closed. Under natural conditions, escholzia grows like a perennial, but since it does not tolerate transplanting and wintering well, in our latitudes it is grown in an annual culture.
Wormwood belongs to the Poppy family and grows to a height of 40 cm. Californian escholzia is drought-resistant, so even in dry summers there are no problems with it.
Decorative sunflowers will make your site colorful, but at the same time cozy. They grow in height up to 1.5-3 m. The color of the marginal flowers varies from yellow-orange to brown-red. Small seeds sprout quickly, so they are sown immediately to a permanent place.
In the photo: Decorative sunflower
Mirabilis can be planted over the entire area of the flower garden, since this tall bushy plant requires a lot of space. The most suitable time for sowing seeds is mid-May. The first shoots should appear in a couple of weeks.
Mirabilis is called a night beauty: the flowers of the plant open fully only when it starts to get dark. They exude a very pleasant aroma that attracts moth moths. Butterflies, like a hummingbird, hover in the air above a flower and, with the help of long proboscis, extract sweet nectar from mirabilis.
In the photo: Mirabilis
To keep your garden bright, plant in flower beds and along paths marigold, cosme and calendula. They are completely unpretentious and are rarely damaged by diseases and pests. Seedlings of these plants appear quickly, and the seeds can be sown directly into the open ground, bypassing the seedling stage in development.
You will learn about what other annuals can be sown in the garden from the following video:
Annual flowers are as beautiful as perennial roses, hydrangeas, tulips, and other garden longevity. But their main advantage is that the gardener has the opportunity to experiment with annuals every year, creating different compositions on the site. And in care, these flowers are not at all capricious. In order for annuals to look as attractive as possible and bloom in due time, you just need to comply with the conditions for their cultivation.
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Categories: Garden Plants Herbaceous Flowering Annuals
What annual flowers bloom all summer?
Many flower lovers try to fill their garden or flower garden with perennial plants as much as possible. But after all, at a certain stage, they finish their flowering, and then you can take advantage of the unique feature of the flowers of annuals. Some types and varieties of annuals can bloom throughout the summer months and will easily fill the voids in the garden after other plants that have faded. Every flower garden, garden and front garden can be a source of pride for its owner. And all this thanks to the annual plants blooming all summer.
Plants for flower beds
The selection of beautiful and unpretentious flowering plants for your garden is not such a difficult task. The difficulty here will be only in not planting all the flowers in a chaotic manner. That is why it is worthwhile to understand in more detail which flowers are best suited for planting in flower beds.
Onion perennials begin to please the eye from the moment the first spring rays appear. Flowers give way to each other... Snowdrops are replaced by crocuses and hyacinths. Further, tulips, irises and daffodils begin to bloom. In May, sunny flowers bloom - lilies. When summer comes, the bulbous flowers go into a dormant period. The leaves begin to wilt and the bulbs will rest until next spring.
But this does not mean at all that in the summertime the garden should look like an abandoned wasteland. It can be diversified with flowering perennials and herbs:
- Feather grass
- Spicy herbs in the form of basil, oregano, mint.
Perennials that bloom in summer, will delight the eye much longer... Of course, one cannot fail to mention the rose here. Most varieties of roses are ideally combined with coniferous shrubs, the green of which sets off bright buds.
A flower garden with gladioli will be especially colorful. These flowers grow and bloom in the flowerbed, giving the garden a certain majesty and luxury. Gladioli are bulbous plants. They will feel great in the garden, surrounded by the following perennials:
Pelargonium, which is often popularly called geranium, can often be seen in pots on windowsills. But this does not mean that the plant is not suitable for a street flower bed. Pelargonium is very unpretentious in care and gives a lot of inflorescences. It is preferable to grow on the sunny side or in the least shaded area.
Chrysanthemums are very popular, which fit perfectly into the garden composition. Chrysanthemums begin to bloom in August. The flowering period for these flowers ends only with the onset first frost... Chrysanthemums will look great in an autumn garden.
Chamomile can decorate any yard. Such flowers can often be found even in the courtyards of schools. Chamomile fits perfectly into the garden with other perennials. She is very unpretentious in care and will never cease to please the eye. Chamomile can also be combined with small shrubs.
Annual flowers in the yard
Annuals are the perfect solution for those who prefer variety in their garden. Annual flowering plants make it possible to create unique compositions in flower beds every season. Such flowers can be used both for decorating mixborders and for modular flower beds. Often, annuals are planted in pots to decorate their summer cottage.
The most common annual flowers are:
Many people probably believe that the above flowers have become boring for a long time and have no originality. However, with the right choice of varieties and correct composition these "bored" plants will take on a completely different look.
Few people know that there are more than 3 species of marigolds in their genus. In Russia, erect and deflected species are most often found. If we talk about the color scheme, then it starts from dark red and ends with a lemon shade. Some varieties are distinguished by their mixed color.
Zinnia, often referred to as a major by growers, is a large, bright, hollow flower. Zinnia tolerates the sun wellwithout losing their rich shades. This floral plant is perfect for a rustic flower bed. Only asters can compete with them.
Petunia can rightfully be called one of the most beautiful flowers in the garden. This flower has gained such popularity due to its variety of shades. There is a place in any petunia flower garden. Planting petunias in hanging planters.
Poppies are one of those flowering plants that will add variegation and brightness to the general background of the flower bed. It is also worth paying attention to the flowers that look like poppies, which are called "Californian escholzia". Outwardly, this plant is very similar to poppy, the only difference is in the yellow inflorescence. Plants will ideally feel among the bushes.
Lavender is an ornamental plant that is often used in perfumery. And this is not surprising, because the flower stands out clearly from the rest with its pronounced aroma. In addition, lavender also has excellent appearance. This stunning purple flower will be a decoration for any garden.
Stunted flower plants
Very often you have to use undersized flowers for decorating borders... They have become very popular due to the fact that they do not stretch upward and do not stand out much from the general picture. The most popular types of low-growing flowers include the following:
For a small flower bed, which is located in the scorching sun, perfect fit purslane... By the way, it should be noted that this plant is not only beautiful, but also edible. Its stems are often used in salads. If we talk about decorative purposes, then purslane is planted in flower beds because of its unusual ability to creep along the surface of the earth. Thus, the flower covers the empty areas of the flower garden.
Pansies, unlike purslane, prefer to grow in a shaded place... These are low flowers that grow in lush bushes. Pansies are often confused with blue forget-me-nots, which will also be ideal for open flower beds.
The Turkish ground cover carnation is another leader in undersized decorative flowers. In addition to the fact that this type of carnation is able to fill the free space on the flower garden, it is also distinguished by its rapid growth. The inflorescences of the carnation are not very large, but they have a pleasant aroma that will delight you throughout all sunny days.
Blooming all summer
There are plants that bloom for only a few days in March, and there are those that do not cease to please the eye throughout the summer. Such plants include asters, which were already mentioned above. But she should pay a little more attention.
Aster has bright inflorescences that look like stars. Plant blooms throughout the summer... These flowers are suitable for absolutely any garden, because they have many types in their genus. Aster varieties can be tall, low and any color. The choice remains only to be made based on personal preferences and general landscape design.
It is in no way inferior to the dahlia aster, which is often used by florists in the composition of bouquet arrangements. As for the flower arrangements, here too the dahlia will be in place. This plant blooms, like the aster, throughout all three summer months, but does not have time to get bored.
Repair roses will be an excellent choice for decorating your garden. Their main feature is that after some buds fade, new ones appear in their place. That is why the blooming of roses lasts until autumn.
Gypsophila is not so common, but they are also great for decorating a flower bed. It is worth noting that these plants can easily live on rocky slopes, so they are ideal for rocky flower beds.
Do not forget about climbing flower plants, with which you can decorate a mixborder, fence, wall and gazebo. These flowers include clematis. Clematis have large inflorescences that stand out strongly against the general background. Outwardly, this plant can be compared with tropical vines.
Tall plants are suitable for decorating the central part of the flower bed, they are planted along the fences and walls of buildings. The height of such annuals reaches 1 m or more. Photos and names of garden annual flowers are shown below.
A perennial grown as an annual plant. Differs in erect stems up to 2 m high. Leaves are large, flowers are collected and cylindrical inflorescences.
The plant needs good lighting and constant access to moisture. In the spring it is fed with organic matter, in the summer - with complex fertilizer. Delphinium is resistant to temporary cold snaps. Flowers are suitable for cutting.
An open field plant that grows up to 1 m in height. 10-12 tubular flowers bloom on each bush. The size of the flower reaches 20 cm in length and 10 cm in diameter. The life of a flower is 1 day, new buds bloom every day.
Datura gives off a pleasant aroma in warm weather. The plant reacts well to heat and light, tolerates short frosts. Datura is abundantly watered and fed.
A perennial flower grown as an annual. Height up to 2 m, the stem is covered with simple or double flowers. Flower size 8-12 cm. There are varieties of mallow red, pink, purple, white, blue.
Mallow is undemanding to the ground, prefers illuminated places, and is drought-resistant. Before the formation of buds, the plant is fed with complex fertilizer.
Annual garden flower with alternate lanceolate leaves, pointed at the tips. Inflorescences are collected in bunches and panicles of red, yellow, green or purple color. The flower reaches a height of 3 m.
Amaranth is propagated by seedlings, after planting in the ground, the plants are watered abundantly. Seedlings are protected from spring frosts. In the future, abundant watering is not required.
Castor oil plant
Annual 2-10 m high with bare straight stems of brown or green hue. The leaves are large, consist of several lobes. The flowers have no decorative properties. After flowering, fruits are formed in the form of a spherical box measuring 3 cm.
Castor oil plant is undemanding to growing conditions, but it develops faster on nutritious moist soils.
Plant up to 3 m high with oval-shaped leaves. The flowers are large, up to 15 cm in diameter, orange and yellow.Inflorescences in the form of baskets, located on high stems.
Rudbeckia grows in any soil, but it needs abundant sunlight. An annual needs moisture, the volume of which is increased during the flowering period.
A flower with a powerful root system and strong stems, reaches 1.5 m. Flowers are collected in carpal inflorescences of white, pink, yellow, red shades. A distinctive feature is the elongated stamens.
Cleoma grows in sunny areas without drafts, undemanding to the quality of the soil. Care includes watering in a drought, loosening the soil, weeding and fertilizing with complex fertilizers.
Choosing stunted and creeping annuals
Small flower beds planted with tall flowering plants look unkempt, they will look much more beautiful if sown with creeping or just squat species. Low-growing marigolds (from 20 centimeters in height) are very convenient, which can serve not only as a flower bed decoration, but also stretch along the path in the form of a border or become a garden divider into zones. This plant is distinguished by very small flowers, the size of which rarely exceeds 1 centimeter, but the stems are literally strewn with inflorescences. It has different names, in particular, marigold, black-browed, Turkish carnation. Possesses medicinal properties, dried flowers can be used as a seasoning. Propagated by seeds.
Low-growing marigolds for giving
The decorative purslane is very beautiful, a close relative of the garden species of this plant. It belongs precisely to creeping, that is, the main branches grow precisely on the surface of the earth. Only shoots with leaves and 2-3 small flowers in the form of bells growing from each branch rise upward. Prefers well-lit, sun-warmed areas, hygrophilous. Propagated by seeds, which ripen in a capsule that appears at the site of a flower ovary. It belongs to medicinal plants, the juicy pulp of the leaves is an excellent wound-healing and anti-toxic (for poisonous snake and insect bites) remedy.
The seaside cineraria is popular in horticultural farms, the leaves of which seem to be covered with frost due to their silvery color. The flowers are small, usually yellow, not very expressive. The plant prefers bright light, feels great in open, unshaded areas. The soil of cineraria needs a well-drained, fertile soil, while a low alkalinity of the soil is quite acceptable. The plant blooms until the very frosts, but after them it does not change color. He does not like excessive humidity, as well as too moderate watering, this is the only thing in which cineraria is capricious. It propagates by seeds, and it is better to first sow them on seedlings.
Looking at him, one involuntarily recalls the saying: "Everything new is well forgotten old": fine-leaved peony (Paeonia tenuifolia) was very popular in the Soviet years, grew in almost every flower garden, and now it is included in the Red Book.
You should not dwell on the terry forms that are familiar in our time, although they, undoubtedly, are good. The bright green of a thin-leaved peony is beautiful not only in independent compositions, but also as a background for shorter flowers, it will be good for framing a flower bed.
The fine-leaved peony has beautiful flowers and leaves
When choosing neighbors, it should be borne in mind that the peony blooms until June. After the flowering stops, it will look good against the background of its bright openwork greenery:
- Carpathian bell of all kinds of colors
- gray carnation
- rudbeckia and many other colorful plants.
Rules for caring for annuals growing in a summer cottage
Annual garden flowers, names and photos of which were presented in previous sections, are unpretentious. In order for them to bloom violently throughout the summer season, it is required:
- regular watering
- periodic loosening of the soil
- removal of faded buds
- top dressing with organic fertilizers.
In addition, annuals must be treated against pests at least 3 times during the summer season. Otherwise, they may not only end flowering ahead of time, but also shed their foliage, as well as infect other plants and the entire garden. Tall annual flowers may need special supports. They will provide them with reliable protection from strong gusts of wind and prevent the stem from breaking or bending under the weight of heavy buds. This is the care of annual garden flowers.
In order to paint your summer cottage with bright and juicy shades, you do not need to be a professional florist or an award-winning landscape designer. It is enough to show a little imagination and ingenuity in planting annual garden flowers. A large assortment of their types, presented in flower shops, allows you to use them not only for the formation of flower beds and flower beds, but also for the design of the entire summer cottage. You can plant annuals anywhere, including behind a fence, which will give your site a presentable appearance from the street side. Curly species are suitable for decorating an unaesthetic fence, gray walls of outbuildings and decorating garden gazebos. Garden paths can be decorated with curbs of low-growing annual flowers. The real "highlight" of the site will be multi-level modular flower beds and mixborders. Annual garden flowers are good because every year they allow your summer cottage to look in a new way, even more stylish, even brighter and even more interesting!