What can grow in the garden after strawberries

 What can grow in the garden after strawberries

Strawberries are tasty but time consuming berries. The land has to be fertilized very well for it, but all the same, after 4–5 years of “living” on one bed, it very much impoverishes the soil, and after it, not everything can be planted.

What is crop rotation, how does it relate to strawberries

Crop rotation rules assume such an alternation of crops in the garden, in which after a plant that requires a lot of nutrients, less demanding ones are planted. After all, a simple application of fertilizers cannot completely restore the original balance of macro- and microelements, it takes time. And strawberries choose nutrients from the soil very thoroughly, in an amicable way it would be worthwhile to give the earth after it and completely rest, holding it under black steam.

The best way out is to sow green manures in this place after removing the strawberries from the garden. These are herbaceous plants, to some extent restoring the condition of the soil: they are mowed before flowering and the earth is dug up with them. The list of siderates is quite large: these are oats, alfalfa, lupine, mustard, etc.

Different plants have root systems at different depths. Crop rotation rules advise alternating crops with deeply penetrating roots and those with shallow roots. But the main thing in the choice of subsequent crops is that they do not get sick and are not affected by the same pests as the predecessor. Therefore, the rules categorically prohibit planting related crops in a garden next year, that is, belonging to the same family. In most cases, the break should be 3-4 years, and sometimes more.

There are detailed reference tables for selection of subsequent crops

In addition, when choosing a follower, one should not forget about his basic requirements for conditions: illumination, composition and acidity of the soil, etc. But strawberries are sometimes grown in partial shade: they bear fruit worse there, but give some kind of harvest. And almost all vegetables prefer to grow in the sun.

What is best to plant after strawberries

Strawberries remove a huge amount of nutrients from the soil, especially nitrogen. In any case, after harvesting it, the garden must be fertilized very well. The best choice for growing in this place next year is legumes. Beans, beans and peas themselves replenish the amount of nitrogenous compounds in the soil due to the specific bacteria living on their roots. Of course, the yield of legumes will not be ideal at all, but it will be quite sufficient, but in a year, almost any vegetables can be planted on this garden.

Peas are a fairly versatile crop: they can be planted in the garden in most cases.

Subject to high-quality preparation of the beds already this fall (usually the end of September), you can plant garlic after strawberries - this is a classic example. You can also onions: both in winter and in spring... These crops emit phytoncides that are capable of disinfecting the soil: after all, after strawberries, pathogens often remain, various pests hibernate in the ground. An additional effect in expelling pests will be sowing between the rows of parsley, dill, marigolds.

What can not be grown in the garden after removing strawberries from it

After harvesting strawberries in this garden bed, usually infected with strawberry sores, you cannot plant any Rosaceae for at least four years:

  • strawberries;
  • raspberries;
  • rosehip;
  • hawthorn;
  • mountain ash.

They have the same eating habits as strawberries, the same set of diseases and pests. Almost all the same diseases are inherent in nightshade crops:

  • tomatoes;
  • peppers;
  • eggplant;
  • potatoes.

It is better not to plant nightshades in the former strawberry garden.

Among the flowers, it is undesirable to plant after strawberries any bulbous (tulips, lilies, hazel grouses, etc.), affected, like strawberries, by nematodes.

Choosing a crop to grow after a strawberry is very difficult: little will grow normally in this place. It is best to sow the site with green manure, and then plant it with peas, and only then plant garlic, onions and other vegetables.

What to plant after zucchini. Then plant the zucchini

Zucchini is grown by almost any gardener. It does not make great demands on agricultural technology, but at the same time it has a lot of useful qualities and gives a good harvest in a small area. The article tells about what to plant after zucchini and then plant zucchini, as well as companion plants.

Then plant strawberries

It is useful to think over the crop rotation scheme so that the berry field returns to its old place only after 4-5 years. At the same time, the choice of predecessors is of great importance for obtaining an excellent harvest.

An excellent option is siderates:

  • lupine (annual and perennial),
  • phacelia,
  • oats,
  • clover,
  • a mixture of cereals and legumes of perennial grasses.

Many of them release substances into the soil that are detrimental to nematodes, fungi and a number of weeds.

Also suitable for green fertilizer:

  • calendula,
  • marigold,
  • nasturtium.

These plants disinfect the soil well.

More good predecessors:

  • beans, peas, beans,
  • garlic and onions,
  • radish, radish, celery, carrot, turnip,
  • parsley, dill, spinach,
  • corn,
  • cereals that are not affected by nematodes.

What can you plant after onions

Onions can be safely attributed to one of the most popular vegetables grown in gardens. Although its perennial green forms are more likely to be attributed to herbs and spices. There are many varieties of onions, each with its own growing characteristics. But all onions have one thing in common - amazing medicinal bactericidal properties, which are universally used by humans up to the present time. It was its bactericidal properties that created a real miracle in the gardens - after the onion, almost all planted plants feel great in the beds.

Onion itself is a medium nutrient demanding crop. After onions, a significant amount of organic matter always remains in the ground, and the soil itself acquires a slightly alkaline reaction. Most of all, it takes nitrogen from the soil, but phosphorus and calcium remain in reasonable quantities. Therefore, after onions, crops that need a slightly alkaline reaction of the soil and the presence of phosphorus with calcium (cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, beets, carrots) will grow best of all.

For other crops, the most important will be precisely its bactericidal and soil disinfecting properties (strawberry).

What can be planted after the bow: table

The table below discusses not only options for what can or cannot be planted after onions, but also the most favorable, neutral and unfavorable predecessors and followers for other garden crops.

Is it possible to plant strawberries after onions

For many novice gardeners and gardeners, the most perplexity arises about whether it is possible to plant strawberries after onions. Perhaps they think that the harsh phytoncides secreted by all parts of the onion can have an adverse effect on the sweetness and aroma of strawberries. But everything happens exactly the opposite. After the onion, the soil is completely freed from those pathogenic bacteria that can be dangerous for the development of strawberries. A slightly alkaline, moderately fertilized soil is ideal for its growth.

Is it possible to plant cucumbers and tomatoes after onions

For cucumbers, onions are considered the best predecessor, since these delicate representatives of pumpkin seeds cannot stand acidic soils.

And when planting tomatoes and eggplants, disinfection of the earth will also play an additional role.

Is it possible to plant carrots and beets after onions

Since ancient times, it has been known about the beneficial mutual influence of onions and carrots. Beets are capable of releasing not very useful substances into the soil, but they themselves feel great when planted after onions.

Is it possible to plant garlic after onions

But with garlic, things are not at all as simple as with other crops. After all, they and onions belong to the same family, which means they are sensitive to the same diseases accumulated in the soil.

Therefore, garlic is definitely not recommended to be planted after onions.

Is it possible to plant pumpkin and cabbage

Onions have excellent compatibility with both those and other vegetables. Pumpkin will definitely like to grow after onions, and for any representatives of the cabbage family (rutabagas, mustard, radishes, turnips, radishes), all varieties of onions are excellent predecessors.

What is better to grow on a bed freed from strawberries

  • As professional gardeners assure, the best option, in this case, is carrots. And this is due to the fact that, firstly, carrots do not get sick with the diseases that strawberries are susceptible to, which means that they cannot get infected in the garden. Secondly, carrots take nitrogen not only from the soil, but also from the air, so the land depleted by strawberries is not afraid of it.
  • Melons take root well on the beds left by strawberries. But, nevertheless, before planting them, the soil needs fertilization.
  • Legumes take root well in a strawberry garden, moreover, they supply the soil with nitrogen in such an amount that after the season of their stay in the garden, any plants can then be planted in the soil.
  • Planting cauliflower or white cabbage in place of strawberries is possible, but then the soil needs nitrogen fertilization.
  • Strawberry beds need decontamination, so planting garlic is another option that will help kill two birds with one stone. This herb has strong anti-fungal and antibacterial properties.
  • Flowers also easily take root in former strawberry beds. Therefore, at the same time, you can also decorate your garden.

What does not grow in the beds after garden strawberries?

Strawberries are not planted after growing the following crops:

  • Solanaceae - since plants have similar diseases and are affected by the same pests. These are not the best predecessors.
  • Do not break up a strawberry bed in a raspberry berry. The shoots left after growing the berries will harm young bushes. In addition, the weevil beetle that damages the raspberry crop will happily switch to strawberries.
  • Fruit crops will not develop in the beds released after Jerusalem artichoke, sunflower and soybeans. These plants deplete the soil, so you cannot do without preliminary sowing of green manure.
  • It is not recommended to set up a bed in a place where fennel, cabbage or cucumbers grew.

Attention! If a garden bed needs to be broken in a place where an unwanted crop grew, the first thing to do is sow siderates. It should be borne in mind that all plants of this group supply the soil with various nutritional supplements, therefore, before sowing, it is necessary to clarify what the previous culture took, and which component should be replenished.

Many gardeners do not know whether it is possible to plant different varieties of raspberries together on the same site and still get a harvest. The berry belongs to self-fertile plants that do not require pollination, so planting several varieties of crops together will not affect the harvest. Some experts argue that such actions lead to an improvement in the palatability of the fruit.

The use of this method can only cause discomfort in the care, since the varieties may require different fertilizers. Also, when planting varieties in the garden, it is necessary to leave marks that will allow you to determine the raspberry variety in a year, when it is necessary to thin out the bushes.

Important. The shrub propagates with the help of cuttings, however, using the seeds of the dusty varieties, a new species can be developed.

The best strawberry neighbors, what to plant nearby

If the strawberries are not planted with a solid carpet, it is quite possible to add useful "neighbors" to it on the garden bed. When the bushes grow in a checkerboard pattern, there is free space between them, where you can arrange plantings of lettuce and spinach. This technique will allow more rational use of the land.

  • If you use parsley instead of lettuce and spinach, strawberry bushes are guaranteed protection from slugs that do not like fragrant greens.
  • Onions and garlic planted between the bushes will protect the berries from the nematode, and they themselves will grow large heads, so that the benefits of such a neighborhood will be mutual.
  • Low-growing varieties of marigolds, which will not be able to shade berry bushes, will also help to rid strawberries from nematodes.
  • Linear planting of strawberries can be alternated with rows of carrots, radishes, radishes, beets, herbs, garlic and onions.
  • Beans, peas and lentils are perfect neighbors.

On a note! Not suitable for the neighborhood with strawberry bushes fennel, horseradish and wild strawberries.