Bouvardia

Bouvardia

Bouvardia is a member of the Rubiaceae family. The native land of the plant is the tropical and subtropical zones of Central America, mainly Mexico. Bouvardia is a flowering evergreen shrub that can grow from half a meter to one and a half meters. On straight, weakly branched stems, there are elongated or rounded leaves with a sharp tip, from 3 to 10 cm in length. They can be arranged opposite or collected in whorls.

Blooming bouvardia lasts from late spring - early summer to autumn. Inflorescences in the form of scutes, up to 15 cm in diameter, with tubular flowers of red, pink, white, which are located at the ends of young twigs.

In some species, flowering begins in May and lasts until December.

Caring for bouvardia at home

Lighting

Caring for a bouvardia is not very difficult. The flower needs bright light, a south window is ideal. In the summer, the bouvardia can be kept outdoors.

Temperature

During the growing season of bouvardia, a room temperature of 20-25 degrees is suitable, but in winter the temperature must be lowered to 10-12 degrees, but not lower than 7. Bouvardia, which blooms in winter, does not need a temperature drop.

Air humidity

Spraying bouvardia is not necessary, but dust is clearly visible on the smooth leaves of the plant, which can be washed off from time to time in the shower.

Watering

Bouvardia is watered moderately in spring and summer, allowing the top layer of the substrate to dry out. Watering in winter is reduced so that the leaves are not planted. Over-watering can lead to root and leaf rot.

The soil

For bouvardia, ready-made soil for decorative flowering plants is suitable. You can prepare a mixture yourself, consisting of turf, peat, leafy soil and sand in a ratio of 4: 2: 1: 1.

Top dressing and fertilization

From March to August every two weeks the flower is fed with fertilizers for decorative flowering plants. With a lack of nutrients in the bouvardia, the lower leaves may turn yellow and fall off.

Pruning

Over the winter, bouvardia can stretch out strongly. It needs to be cut shortly and young shoots should be pinched until the end of summer. Pinching and pruning is needed not only to give the plant a more decorative look, but also to stimulate flowering.

Transfer

Bouvardia is transplanted in the spring. Usually, after the plant has faded in the second year of life, the cuttings are rooted, and the old bush is thrown away. This is due to the fact that the most beautiful and abundant flowering occurs at this time. Subsequently, the plant either does not bloom at all, or its flowering is meager and uninteresting. It is best grown as a biennial plant.

Reproduction bouvardia

Bouvardia propagates by apical cuttings. You can propagate the plant by dividing the bush, but it does not make sense, since the divided bush will not bloom anyway.

Apical cuttings can be rooted either in water or in soil at a temperature of 20-25 degrees.

Diseases and pests

Bouvardia can be annoyed by spider mites and aphids, but in general, the plant is rarely affected by pests.

With overflow or lack of drainage, the bouvardia will easily get sick with root rot and will most likely die. Root the cuttings so you don't lose the plant at all.

Types of bouvardia

In natural conditions, the plant has about 30 species, some are used as indoor flowers.

Bouvardia Smooth-flowered (Bouvardia leiantha) is an evergreen bush about 60 cm high with whorled, rounded leaves. Flowers are collected in corymbose inflorescences and are salmon and light red in color.

Bouvardia longiflora (Bouvardia longiflora) - it is a bush up to 90 cm in height, with oblong, opposite leaves and a large number of fragrant white inflorescences.

Bouvardia Yellow (Bouvardia flava) - shrub up to one meter with elongated leaves and yellow flowers.

Bouvardia jasminiflora winter blooming species with white flowers smelling of jasmine. The plant grows up to 60 cm.

Bouvardia Domestica (Bouvardia domestica) most common in indoor floriculture. A shrub that grows up to 70 cm in height with elliptical leaves up to 5 cm in length. Flowers can be either double or simple, in all shades of pink and crimson.


Site about a garden, a summer residence and houseplants.

I really like different spicy herbs. I always planted it on my site. As soon as I moved to a city apartment, I immediately began to grow them on my balcony and on my windows.

A few years ago, one of my friends, noticing my passion for aromatic herbs, brought me some leaves of roommint. The wonderful aroma of this plant just captivated me.

And then, as if by magic, they brought my matchmaker a small sprout of this plant, which she gave to me. It stuck with me, and I have multiplied it several times.

Indoor mint is not only an ornamental plant, it is also very useful. It may well replace the usual mint, which everyone knows and widely uses.

I'll start my story with the fact that room mint is called a plant, which, in principle, has nothing to do with the mint that grows on our site. This plant is called plectranthus, and it comes from the subtropics. We also call it the molar tree.

This plant has a lot of varieties, but the one that I will talk about has a special, specific aroma. It is this species that is called mint because of its unique aroma. The plant grows quickly enough, does not require much attention to itself, which is very much appreciated by amateur flower growers. Its leaves are decorative and attractive. They are beautiful, pleasant to the touch, aromatic and tasty (have a sour taste).

I propagated this plant using cuttings. I pinched off the plant that was presented to me and which I had first. The cuttings very quickly gave roots (they stood in the water in a glass). I planted it in a small pot of soil from the store. I took a universal soil for indoor plants.

Indoor mint loves warmth and water. In order for her to develop her fragrant leaves well, she must be watered often, especially in summer and spring. I water several times a week, do not let the soil dry out. I spray often. She loves it. In the summer it grows well on my balcony. But he does not like the south side and direct sunlight. From them, the appearance of the leaves deteriorates.

Plectrantus does not like both heat and cold. The best temperature is room temperature, about 20 ° C.

I feed him with a universal fertilizer for indoor plants, which I buy at a flower shop. In the summer I do this once a week or two. With the onset of cold weather - once a month.

Indoor mint is recommended to grow young plants, which I do. This must also be done because mint can grow into a large bush, and this is not always convenient for a small apartment like mine.

I said that I propagated my plants by cuttings, but you can do this by dividing the mother bush. To get a lush bush, I planted 2 branches in a pot. And also, to get a beautiful and lush bush, the tops of the mint should be pinched.

Indoor mint is also good because it is green all year round and can also be used all year round. And it's a pleasure to use it.

As I said, the plectrantus is also called the molar tree. It's not hard to see that this is because of its lovely scent that repels moths. It contains essential oils that insects do not tolerate well, but they work great on humans. I love her scent, which not only refreshes the room, but also calms the nerves, helps to relieve anxiety and bad mood.

I have read a lot about the beneficial properties of this beautiful plant. I personally tried it - this is a delicious tea with its leaves. I drink it myself, treat the guests.

In the summer there were mosquito bites. I applied a mint leaf to the bite, and it perfectly relieved itching and redness. And then she adapted: she carried a leaf over the open parts of the body, and not a single mosquito touched me.

I know that indoor mint is used as a diuretic, expectorant. Infusion of leaves can be used to gargle sore throat. It is generally widely used in folk medicine.

And, of course, lovers of spicy herbs can safely add it not only to tea, but also to other culinary dishes, which I also do with success.

Such a wonderful plectrantus appeared in my collection of indoor plants, which I am immensely happy about. I highly recommend to my fellow readers and indoor plant lovers to buy it too.


Bouvardia

• evergreen shrubs up to a meter high, from the subtropics of America
• in culture there are 2 species and hybrid forms

Bouvardia (Bouvardia) - genus of flowering plants of the Madder family (Rubiaceae) combining 52 types. The distribution area of ​​these plants is located in the subtropical regions of Mexico and Central America, one species enters the southwestern states of the United States.

Bouvardia came to Europe in the 17th century from Canada and was named after Charles Bouvard (1572-1658), personal physician to King Louis XIII and superintendent of the Royal Botanic Gardens in Paris.

These are evergreen herbaceous and shrubby plants up to 0.6-1.5 m tall. Leaves are opposite or collected in 3-5, from ovate to lanceolate, 3-11 cm long. Flowers are collected in apical, usually multi-flowered false umbrellas. The corolla of the flower has a long tube, a bend of 4 petals and 4 stamens. Flowers in different species are white, yellow, pink or red in color, often have a slight aroma.

The common name of the plant - the firecracker bush (Firecracker Bush) eloquently speaks of the many star-shaped flowers on the plant. Several types of bouvardia are readily grown as ornamental plants in the subtropical regions of the world, where they bloom from late summer to winter.

Bouvardia - a short day plant, flowers develop under less than 12 hours of light per day. By controlling the length of the day, cut flowers are obtained all year round. For this, one type is used - long-flowered bouvardia, as well as its varieties and hybrids specially bred for industrial floriculture (see Bouvardia).

Long-flowered bouvardia (Bouvardia longiflora) also known as scented bouvardia. It was first described by the Spanish botanist Antonio José Cavanilla in 1801 from a Mexican specimen from the collection of Luis Ni.

A characteristic feature of this species are the largest flowers among all types of bouvardia, collected in inflorescences up to 15 cm in diameter. Flowers with a scent reminiscent of jasmine, intensifying in the evening.

From this species, varieties and hybrids for indoor cultivation were obtained, united under the general name home bouvardia (Bouvardia x domestica). Available in white, pink, red, cream, crimson.

These are evergreen shrubs up to 70-90 cm tall. Leaves are opposite, oblong-elliptical, tapering to the apex, wedge-shaped at the base, with subulate stipules. Flowers are collected in inflorescences - shields of several pieces at the tops of the stems. The flowers are funnel-shaped, tubular, with a 4-split limb, 5-10 cm long, pleasantly fragrant.


Reproduction can be carried out both by seeds (in the winter in the nursery) and by shoots in the spring. The easiest way is to separate the side shoots, which are then planted for rooting in an appropriate cactus soil.

The most dangerous for epostodes are coccids - they can nest between dense bristles, from where they are very difficult to remove. It is recommended to carry out preventive treatment of the plant or spray it immediately after the appearance of pests. Preventive treatment with fungicides is also useful.

In specialized stores, you can find both small plants in small pots, and cacti of significant sizes. Choose plants that show no signs of incipient root decay.


Alyssum, or beetroot

A compact bush with small flowers of various colors (it depends on the variety) in the fall is able to withstand a drop in temperature to –3 ° C for several days. When the thaw comes, it will "come to life" again and continue to delight you with its discreet beauty.

Alyssum flowers exude a light honey aroma and attract bees to the flower garden

The most popular and frost-resistant flower is perennial alissum rocky

In ancient times, this plant was called alusun, and its infusion was used against rabies from animal bites.


Cultivation of the epic

Growing these cacti is easy.

Since their root system develops very quickly, large enough containers should be chosen for growing. Deep pots are filled with a special soil mixture for succulents or a mixture of universal soil with sand in equal parts.

Fertilizers for cacti are added to water for irrigation every 2-3 weeks (depending on the preparation).

Location

These cacti like diffused light, so they are best placed near a window.

Temperature

Espostoja can tolerate a temperature of 8-10 ° C, but the usual room temperature is optimal for it - 18-20 ° C.


Watch the video: Bouvardia How to take Care