In spring there is a great lack of vitamins, which can only be obtained from fresh vegetables and fruits. There are a lot of nitrates in purchased products, but it is real to grow natural food if you have your own summer cottage. Some crops are suitable for winter sowing. They are planted in the fall, and in the spring, when the summer cottage season is just beginning, the first harvest is already being harvested.
There are three types of celery: root, leaf and petiole (salad). Since the seeds of this crop contain a lot of essential oils, it takes a long time before germination. Therefore, in spring and summer, it is grown in seedlings. But, if you carry out podzimny sowing, then difficulties with cultivation can be avoided.
For sowing before winter, only a leafy variety of culture is suitable, but you can choose any variety.
Successful cultivation depends on several factors:
- Timing. There are no specific sowing dates, but one should focus on the climatic features of the region. The procedure is carried out with the onset of persistent cold weather, but before frost. It is optimal to sow seeds when the temperature drops to freezing without subsequent significant warming.
- Site selection. The bed should be located on a small hill. Then, with the arrival of heat, snow will melt on it faster, the soil will warm up and seedlings will appear faster.
- Compliance with agricultural techniques. On the prepared bed, grooves are made up to 5 cm deep. Seeds are laid out in them, without first soaking them. On top of the planting material, sprinkle with a layer of fertile soil, 2 cm thick, and then spread 2-3 cm of mulch.
From above, it is advisable to cover the bed with spruce branches or dry branches. In the spring, when the snow begins to melt, this shelter is removed, and the mulch is removed after the first shoots appear.
Lettuce is one of the easiest crops to grow. It rises quickly and amicably, and the leaves grow back after cutting.
The seeds are distinguished by good germination and germinate even at subzero temperatures. To get greens in early spring, sowing is carried out in December, on frozen ground.
The best varieties of lettuce for winter sowing are Gourmet, Vitamin, Rhapsody and Sonata. Seeds are buried in grooves, no more than 2 cm deep, sprinkled first with peat, and then with snow. Since the planting material emerges quickly, it does not need soaking or any additional care. You can just leave the garden until spring. As the snow melts, the seeds will receive enough moisture, and soon young shoots will appear over the peat.
This culture is practically insensitive to sudden temperature changes, therefore, frost does not threaten it in spring.
Dill is so unpretentious that it reproduces quite successfully by self-seeding. If since spring there has been a bed of this greenery in the garden, and seeds have been poured into the ground from the umbrellas, they will be able to germinate even in late autumn, and you can collect greens until the snow falls.
There are no particular difficulties in planting dill in winter. As with previous crops, the seeds do not need to be soaked. They are sealed dry in grooves to a depth of 2-3 cm and sprinkled with soil. From above, it is advisable to cover the bed with peat and fallen leaves. For each square meter of the bed, 2-3 grams of seeds are needed. It is best to use bush varieties: Tenderness, Hercules or Fireworks.
Katran is a relatively new crop in our beds. Many people call it a cultivated version of horseradish. The roots of these plants have a similar appearance and taste, but katran, unlike horseradish, grows more compactly, and does not seek to drown out the rest of the vegetables in the garden.
Sowing this culture with seeds, or rather pieces of roots, is allowed only before winter. Being in cold soil, they undergo natural stratification. They are sealed in small grooves, up to 3 cm deep, and sprinkled on top with a thick layer of snow (20-25 cm). In the spring, young seedlings dive into the garden bed. It will be possible to eat the root and leaves of the plant only after three years, when the culture reaches technical maturity.
Parsley seeds, like celery, contain a lot of essential oils, so it takes a long time before sprouting. But, if you sow this crop before winter, you can cut fresh young greens in early spring.
For winter sowing, the varieties Italian Gigant, Kucheryavets and Universal are used.
The seeds do not need to be presoaked. They are sown dry, in shallow grooves with the arrival of persistent cold weather. Each square meter will need 0.8 grams of seeds. Arcs have been installed in the garden since autumn. At the end of February, before the snow melts, they stretch a film on them. Under such a shelter, snow melts faster, and the greenhouse effect accelerates seed germination.
Radish seeds germinate very quickly, even at low temperatures. Considering this feature, winter sowing is a great option for getting organic fresh vegetables in early spring.
You can choose any type of radish, but Carmen, Mercado, Mayak and Spartak are considered the best. They have a pleasant taste without harsh notes, the bushes are resistant to flowering, and voids do not form in vegetables.
Seeds are sown in shallow grooves on frozen ground. The optimal time is the third decade of December. For each square meter of area, you will need 5-6 grams of seeds. Sprinkle the top with peat and then snow.
Sowing beets before winter allows the seeds to undergo natural hardening. Then, in the spring, the culture will not be afraid of frosts, and the seedlings will appear strong.
There are special varieties of beets for sowing before winter: Cold-resistant 19, Polar flat and Podzimnyaya.
Winter sowing of culture is carried out as follows:
- The seeds are not pre-soaked, but placed in the ground dry. This should be done in November, when the air temperature drops to zero, and the soil freezes to -4 C °
- The planting material is spread in dry soil at a distance of 10 cm from each other.
- Sprinkle the bed with fertile soil on top, and then lay out a layer of peat mulch, 3 cm thick.
Such a bed does not need additional care. It is also not necessary to water it, as dry seeds sown in dry soil will give stronger and healthier plants.
For winter planting, only a winter variety of garlic is suitable. Its head consists of 4-12 large teeth with a purple sheath. They are arranged in one row around a solid rod.
The agrotechnology of growing this crop includes several nuances:
- On the prepared bed, rows are made at a distance of 25 cm from each other. The depth of the grooves is 3-15 cm. In general, the colder it is in the winter region, the deeper the teeth should be buried.
- If the soil is too dry, it is watered with a solution of potassium permanganate. This will not only moisten the soil, but also disinfect it.
- The teeth are planted at a distance of 10 cm from each other. It is not necessary to press them strongly into the ground, as this will slow down the formation of roots.
Sprinkle compost on top of the bed, and then mulch with fallen leaves, peat or needles.
If there is a bed on the site where cucumbers, tomatoes or beans used to grow, in the fall it can be used for planting onions before winter.
Any type of crop is suitable for winter sowing: black onion, batun, shallot or sevok.
It is important to choose the right landing time. Onions need to have time to take root before the onset of stable cold weather, so it is placed in the ground 2-3 weeks before stable frosts.
Planting technology is the same as that of garlic: the heads are embedded in grooves with dry soil at a distance of 10 cm from each other. From above, the rows are sprinkled with fertile soil and mulched. The garden bed remains in this state until spring. With the onset of warming, the shelter is removed.
Sowing red cabbage before winter is an unusual method of growing that allows you to get strong, healthy seedlings in early spring. After transplanting to a permanent place, these sprouts will form heads earlier.
Of the varieties of culture for sowing before winter, Gako-741 and Kamennaya head-447 are most suitable.
The winter sowing of cabbage has its own nuances:
- The seeds should be dry, and they need to be sown 20-40% more than usual, since some of the planting material will be damaged by frost.
- So that the seeds do not immediately start growing, and the seedlings appear only in the spring, they are sown in frozen soil. Soil temperature should not be higher than +3 C °.
- Since the seedlings will be used as seedlings, the seeds can be sown both in separate grooves and evenly throughout the plot.
The planting material is sprinkled with loose fertile soil, prepared in advance, and sprinkled on top with sawdust or spruce branches. In regions with a cold climate, they additionally equip a spunbond shelter. With the arrival of spring heat, the protection is removed.
Not all varieties of carrots are suitable for winter sowing. It is recommended to use cold-resistant early and mid-season varieties: Shantane, Moscow winter, Nantes or Vitamin.
Sowing is carried out immediately before frost, on frozen ground. The seeding rate of seeds per square meter is increased, since part of the planting material will die from frost.
The sowing scheme is as follows: dry seeds are embedded in grooves 1-2 cm deep, sprinkled with dry warm earth on top and additionally placed 2 cm of peat or humus. With the arrival of winter, the bed is sprinkled with a thick layer of snow and pressed with spruce branches.
It can be concluded that almost all the usual garden crops are suitable for sowing before winter. But to get healthy and strong plants, you need to follow one rule: sow only dry seeds, without preliminary soaking or germination. Then the plants will undergo natural hardening during the winter, and in the spring they will give strong young shoots.
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Podwinter planting requires adherence to some subtleties that relate to the place and timing of sowing, proper preparation of the soil and seeds. It is also imperative to take into account the climatic conditions of a particular region.
Planting vegetables before winter will be successful only if you choose and prepare a site for the beds correctly. Only tall, well-protected beds with nutritious soil will be able to provide adequate protection of seeds from winter frosts.
- 4-6 weeks before sowing, dig up the area
- remove all weeds
- add humus or compost to the soil
- to reduce the acidity of the soil, add 200-250 g of lime
- prepare holes or grooves and cover with plastic wrap.
To avoid spring soaking and rotting seeds, it is best to choose tall beds or make them yourself. You can also plant vegetables in ordinary beds - but before sowing, they should be protected with slate or boards. Due to such strengthening, spring melt water will not be able to wash off crops.
Planting timing and seed selection
The optimal time for planting vegetables before winter is October or early November, when persistent cold weather sets in. You can not engage in planting work on warm days. This stimulates seed germination and causes rapid plant death.
When determining the most suitable timing for sub-winter planting, it is necessary to take into account the climatic features of each specific region. Failure to plant on time will result in a poor crop or loss of crop.
For example, regardless of what is planted before winter in the Moscow region, this should be done 10-15 days earlier than in the Leningrad region, since the climate here is much harsher.
Choosing the right seeds is an important step in growing vegetables in winter. When sowing seeds in October and November, they should not be presoaked; they should be completely dry.
When choosing seeds, it is best to give preference to cold-resistant, not prone to shooting, as well as drainage - this will help to reduce their consumption when planting.
What vegetable crops can be planted before winter
Not all vegetable crops are suitable for winter crops. Some of them are quite thermophilic and will simply freeze in winter. What kind of vegetables can be planted in the fall?
First of all, these are carrots, beets and cabbage. You can also sow parsley, radish, lettuce, dill, spinach, sorrel, black onion, katran and sage before winter.
For winter crops, it is necessary to select varieties that are resistant to frost and shooting. Among carrots, Nantes and Olympia are distinguished by such resistance in beets - Northern ball, Podzimnyaya and Cold-resistant 19 in parsley - Ordinary leaf, Festivalnaya and Kudryavaya. Any variety is suitable for growing spinach, lettuce and dill. For sowing onions, small-sized seeds are used.
A bed for winter sowing is prepared in September. It is well fertilized with humus and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. The bed is placed on a small hill, but in a place protected from strong winds. The soil is dug up and small depressions are made for future plantings. Then, when the snow cover forms and the top layer of the soil freezes, they proceed directly to sowing seeds. This time is different for all vegetable crops. For example, carrots and parsley are planted earlier, and lettuce, radishes and cabbage later. Sprinkle the bed on top with pre-prepared peat or humus. Such crops for the winter can be covered with cut flowers or a small layer of branches. There are winters when there is not enough snow. In this case, it is additionally thrown onto the garden bed. In the spring, the first shoots must be fertilized with urea and loosened the aisles.
If you follow all the instructions for podzimnuyu sowing vegetables, then in May, some of them will ripen and will be ready to eat.
Suitable crops and their groups
Strong seeds will sprout over the winter
Landing before frost has its positive aspects:
- Germination of shoots occurs on 14-20 days. early, compared to seedlings planted in the spring season. This will allow you to collect early root crops, and plant the plots that are vacated in summer again.
- During the winter, strong seeds will sprout, and weakened and unhealthy ones will die. This will make plants more resistant to sudden frosts, possible diseases and increase their fertility.
- Thanks to melt water in spring, the seeds will swell faster, having received sufficient moisture. While spring plantings often lack water, especially during warm and dry seasons
- A plant planted before the winter season requires minimal self-care. It must be planted, watered, fertilized, mulched or covered with a special coating.
- If the purchased seeds turned out to be of poor quality and did not sprout after winter, then you can always sow the garden again
Care must be taken in the selection of varieties
- If you plant vegetables without taking into account the climatic and weather conditions of the area, you can harm them without the possibility of recovery
- In the fall, rodents are most active and can ruin all the work.
- The tendency of some crops in the early period of spring to go into the arrow, therefore, you need to be more careful when choosing varieties
It is not possible to say for sure when exactly it is possible to plant in the fall. It all depends on the weather conditions. The most suitable period is the time that comes after all the foliage has fallen off and before the onset of the first frost.
Sowing before winter - for and against
Why do we need autumn troubles at all? Maybe leave everything for the spring?
Well, no, after all, having correctly selected and correctly sowed in the fall, we will get many advantages:
- Frost-resistant plants will grow together, they are more robust and hardy.
- Vegetables obtained from such crops are more attractive in appearance.
- In the spring, we will free ourselves more time (after all, some of the varieties will already be successfully sown / planted).
- Taking into account that the sowing harvest before winter is collected 2-3 weeks earlier, it is possible to have time to grow early ripening types of vegetables on the vacated beds.
But is everything so perfect? Of course not. Podzimny sowing also has "pitfalls".
After all, it is not always possible to guess what winter and spring will be like. If the winter period is prolonged, the soil is compacted, which inhibits the success of germination.
And it is quite difficult to determine exactly the sowing time. The modern climate is an unpredictable thing, winter can come suddenly, or it can "please" gardeners with slush.
Therefore, there is a risk of freezing or too early germination of seeds, which will die with the first frost.
But these unpleasant surprises can be ironed out and a great harvest can be reaped.
To do this, you need to know some of the nuances of winter sowing. We will tell you about this.
So, there are seven competent steps of this event:
Step 1. Choosing the "winter tenants" of the garden
What to sow before winter? There are a lot of cold-resistant cultures:
- Carrots (Incomparable, Nantes 4, Moscow winter, Vitamin 6, Shantane 2461). The carrot fly is not afraid of the carrot in winter (it is not damaged by it). Sowing carrots before winter gives larger and vitamin-rich fruits.
- Beets (Egyptian flat, Cold-resistant 19, Moscow winter, Podzimnyaya 474, Losinoostrovskaya 13).
- Head salad (Berlin yellow, Red cabbage).
- Turnip (small-breeding varieties: Danilovsky 312, Myachkovsky, Strigunovsky).
- Spinach (Victoria). Spinach is absolutely not afraid of the cold. Fresh greens can please you with a harvest even in winter (they are harvested from under the snow).
- Dill (Gribovsky).
- Garlic (purple striped).
- Parsley (common leaf, Bordovician sugar root).
- Pasternak (Student, Round). In such a culture, the seeds can very quickly lose their germination - parsnip sowing under winter will only benefit the parsnips.
- Radish (Persistent, Rose Red).
- Onions (Ellan, Bessonovsky, Stuttgarten, Arzamassky, Strigunovsky, Danilovsky, Myagkovsky 300). Onion sets, especially small ones (up to 1 cm in diameter), are very difficult to store until spring, they just need to be planted for the winter.
Suitable for sowing before winter cumin, fennel, sage, katran, lettuce, rhubarb, sorrel, watercress, horseradish roots, Chinese cabbage, borago (cucumber grass), corn, sunflower.
Have you ever sowed flower seeds before winter? So be sure to try, because their autumn planting has its advantages - hardening of plants, better seedlings, good growth, resistance to diseases and weather conditions.
The following annuals can be sown before winter: alissum, aster, cornflower, godetia, iberis, cadendula, kosmeya, poppy, nigella damascus, eschsholzia, clarkia, amaranth and some others.
From perennial flowers for winter sowing, seeds of such crops as: Gaillardia, Doronicum, Carpathian and peach-leaved bells, Lychnis, Lavatera, Carnation, Chamomile, Aubrieta, Aquilegia, Delphinium, Primrose, Yarrow, Arabis and others are suitable.
Step 2. Choosing a place
We need areas that dry quickly in spring, fairly flat in relief, with good drainage and highly fertile soil.
These should be warm, elevated areas with a southward slope, protected from cold winds by dense hedges or trees.
Choose places where heavy snow does not accumulate. In spring, it will thaw for a long time and can flood crops.
Advice. If the selected area is located in a lowland (or with high groundwater), make the beds raised (30-40 cm high). Ideally, the height of the beds should be up to 15 cm (except for sandy soils, sandstone beds are made a little higher).
Step 3. Determine the timing
It is better to be late with sowing before winter than to hurry. The main condition for such seeding is that the plants do not germinate in the fall.
The best time for sub-winter planting is when the soil temperature drops to + 3 ° C (at a depth of about 5 cm), when warming is no longer expected.
In this case, the air temperature should be about 0 ° C. The most optimal time: a week and a half before the onset of cold weather.
- In the conditions of the central Non-Black Earth Region (the European part of Russia), such a period begins in mid-October and lasts until early November (in the northern regions, two weeks later, in the south from mid-November to early December).
It is very important not to miss these days, it is during such a period that the seeds planted for the winter will not be able to germinate in the fall and will wait in the beds for the onset of spring.
If you hurry, the seeds will begin to germinate in the autumn and die with the onset of cold weather.
Step 4. Prepare the beds
We need to prepare the soil in advance, even in warm weather (September-October).
For sowing before winter, more stringent requirements are imposed on the soil than for spring sowing.
♦ Regular garden bed. We will use it for winter sowing in the southern regions of vegetables and herbs:
- After harvesting, the soil must be carefully dug up, large clods of soil must be broken.
- If it is very dry, water the earth. The water will wake up the dormant weeds, and they will make themselves felt.
- Completely remove any emerging weeds from the soil.
- Apply fertilizer (humus, peat, or compost).
- Cold-tolerant crops like loose soil, so we need to add extra baking powder (sawdust or sand) to the soil. The baking powder is mixed with the fertilizer.
- Level the ground well with a rake.
- Make grooves 1-10 cm deep (the depth depends on the type of plant).
♦ Warm bed. Its arrangement practically does not differ from the usual one.
The only difference is that we need to remove the soil from the trench and lay manure (goat, horse and sheep) in a layer of 30-40 cm.
Pour fertile soil 20-30 cm in height on top of it and water it very well.
Then mulch the prepared grooves.
- Decaying natural components will abundantly supply the earth with heat and create the most comfortable conditions for sowing before winter.
Seeds can be planted in already frozen grooves, covering them with fresh earth on top.
To do this, reserve the soil in advance. Prepare mulch (spruce branches, leafy twigs).
We will cover the beds with mulch on a layer of about 15 cm at the onset of cold weather.
In spring, mulch is harvested immediately after the snow melts (if it is not removed in time, seedlings will be too late and rare).
Advice. If you are just starting to develop a new plot, set aside one bed for winter seeding, plant the rest with siderata until spring.
Step 5. Seed preparation
Seeds for winter sowing are used absolutely dry (otherwise they will begin to germinate ahead of time).
They are sown in prepared beds and covered with a layer of 1.5-2 cm of peat, compost or fertile soil.
- Many gardeners advise using pelleted seeds (placed in clay tablets). You can experiment with such seeds, because the clay capsule will serve as additional protection for the seeds from hungry rodents.
How many seeds do you need? Here opinions are divided. You can hear from experts that when sowing before winter, the number of seeds should be increased by 30-50%.
But there is also the opposite statement that an excess of seeds will oppress their fellow tribesmen. Therefore, the most optimal solution is to sow seeds in the usual amount (like in spring).
The trick of an experienced gardener. If you did not have time to sow the seeds before the first snow, you can carry out the original stratification with them:
- After the arrival of stable cold weather, pack the seeds in linen bags and dig into the ground to a depth of a shovel's bayonet.
- At the end of winter, remove them, dry and plant as usual (spring sowing).
Thanks to this method, the seeds will receive additional hardening and various diseases will not be afraid of them.
But this method is only acceptable for parsnips, carrots, caraway seeds, katran, onions (of any kind), lovage, fennel, parsley, dill and tomatoes.
The rest of the cultures do not need stratification.
Step 6. Sowing before winter
On lighter soils, the seeds need to be planted half a centimeter deeper than you do in the spring (taking into account the mulch layer).
It is imperative to mulch - this is a guarantee of the safety of seeds in the cold and getting good and friendly seedlings in the spring.
Mulch consumption is up to 4 kg per sq. m. The very depth of planting seeds depends on the type of plants:
- Celery: its seeds are very small, so when sowing, they are only sprinkled with compost / peat. If the seeds are deepened into the ground, they may not germinate.
- Beets, parsley, dill: 2-2.5 cm.
- Onion sets (bulb diameter up to 1 cm): 3-4 cm.
- Black onion, dill: 1.5-2 cm.
- Leeks: 8-10 cm.
- Carrots: 1-1.5 cm.
- Spinach: 2.5-3 cm.
Advice. If unexpected snow falls, do not be discouraged. Just rake it off and sow before winter, sprinkle the seeds with fertile soil, peat, or compost. They will safely wait out the cold.
Place the seeds carefully on the prepared, frozen beds and sprinkle with warm soil.
Lay a layer of mulch on top of it. There is no need to water the crops - in the spring, the awakening plants will have enough snow melting.
Seeds moistened in autumn can swell and die in the cold.
The nuances of winter sowing of various crops.
♦ Celery. An odorous vegetable requires a very loose and humus-rich soil. It is necessary to sow it before winter in bright, open areas.
We dig up the soil by 25-30 cm. It is necessary to plant seeds according to the scheme 45x10 cm.
♦ Beets. Nutritious beetroot will master well in areas where organic fertilization has not occurred for 1-2 years. Beets love mineral supplements.
In order for our beets to grow healthy, acquire an intense color, plant them for the winter in lighted places, with a deep finding of preferred waters.
- If the waters are close to the surface, make beds about 25-30 cm high for it. Avoid clayey, too oxidized soils. Excess acidity can be eliminated by adding ash, chalk, lime or dolomite flour to the soil.
Beets will feel good after peppers, potatoes, tomatoes, onions and cucumbers.
Dig up the soil by 25-30 cm (at the same time add potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, ash and humus).
But sowing before winter for beets must be carried out a little later than other crops (late October-early November). Leave a distance of 7-8 cm between the seeds.In the row spacing about 25-30 cm.
There is a sign among the people according to which it is best to plant beets for the winter - after the leaves have fallen from the cherry.
To further protect the planting from frost, cover it with fallen leaves, sawdust or needles, sprinkle it on top with snow (all this must be removed in the spring, as soon as the snow begins to thaw).
Immediately after that, apply nitrogen fertilizer to the beetroot and cover it with a film (remove it after the first shoots appear).
♦ Carrots. This "vitamin factory" really needs fertile soil, so use plenty of peat, humus or compost.
For her, loamy, floodplain soil, slightly oxidized or neutral, will be ideal.
If the ground is heavy, add sawdust (always semi-decomposed). The site must be protected from the wind.
- Avoid planting carrots on slopes in winter. Flood waters will easily wash away plant seeds in spring.
Planting carrots before winter is carried out at the end of November, in slightly frozen ground.
Just before sowing, add superphosphate (if the land is depleted, apply nitrogen fertilizer at the rate of 15-20 g per m²).
The soil is dug to a depth of 25-30 cm. After sowing, before winter, the seeds of carrots are covered with earth 1-1.5 cm high, peat / humus is laid on top of 2-3 cm in height. Leave the distance between the ridges 20-25 cm.
♦ Bow. Onion crops love places where carrots, cucumbers, potatoes or tomatoes used to grow.
When preparing the soil for winter sowing of onion crops, use mineral and organic fertilizers.
Make beds for onions a meter by two.
- Onion "for a turnip". The seeding depth is 3-5 cm, the distance between the seeds is 10-12 cm.
- Feather bow. Plant the bulbs of the plant at a distance and depth of 2-3 cm.
- Onion sets. Plant to a depth of 5 cm, with a distance of 15-20 cm.
For additional enrichment of the soil before sowing before winter, add ½ a bucket of humus and a bucket of sand.
Onion crops love space, so plant them in a checkerboard pattern. After planting, the soil should be compacted, and with the onset of cold weather sprinkle with sawdust, additionally lay dry branches on top.
As soon as the onion made itself felt by the first shoots, it needs to be fertilized.
Use superphosphate (30-40 g / m²). Add potassium chloride (10 g / m²) while the bulbs are forming.
In warm spring it needs to be watered 2-3 times weekly (consumption 5-10 l / m²).
As soon as the onions are ripe, watering stops.
After 10-14 days, it must be carefully dug up, cleaned of the ground and left in the garden for 1.5-2 weeks.
Then tie it in braids or trim the dried feathers 3-4 cm from the bulb.
Store our onions in a dry room at normal room temperature.
♦ Garlic. Garlic winter crops are planted with bulbs (air bulbs) and cloves.
Garlic needs a neutral, very loose soil with deep soil water.
Places after cabbage, tomatoes, cucumber, pumpkin, pepper, eggplant are suitable for garlic.
- It is impossible to sow garlic before winter in areas where manure was applied in the current year - the plant can give abundant tops and looser heads.
Larger teeth are deepened into the ground by 5-7 cm.
Garlic is planted in bulbs 3 weeks before the onset of cold weather, air bulbs are placed in the ground by 2-3 cm.A distance of 20-25 cm is left in the aisles.
To plant garlic before winter, the soil should be abundantly fertilized with compost (15-20 liters per m²), before planting add ash (1-1.5 liters per m²). Or potassium-phosphorus fertilizer (15 g / 10 l of water per m²).
If the soil in your area is too heavy, add sand. For mulching, it is better to use fallen leaves or spruce branches.
Step 7. What to do in spring
In early spring, as soon as our first sprouts appear, we thin out the plants. If the seedlings appeared too early, the beds can be covered with agrofibre or greenhouse film.
- Agrofibre is more successful in using sowing before winter, since it perfectly permits air (you can not be afraid of unnecessary overheating) and such a shelter does not require the installation of a frame.
In the future, we only need to clear the plantings from weeds and water our future harvest.
The sprouts can be fed with organic fertilizers. If you notice that seedlings are rare and there is significant sowing, the plots can be re-sown.
Very often, winter sowing is combined with further spring planting.
Advice. We will not be able to predict good germination. If until May you did not notice the activity of winter sowing, carry out a duplicate sowing. In the south, successful / unsuccessful winter sowing can be judged already at the beginning of April.
Beware of the voracious moles! Protect your plantings from them with repellent granules, smoke bombs or ultrasonic barriers.
The rest of the pests and diseases do not threaten our early shoots.
A harmful aphid can make a problem, but almost always outbreaks of its activity occur at a time when the crop has already been successfully formed.
Now, dear readers, you know how to carry out winter sowing of plants. Maybe these events seem very risky to you.
But this is not entirely true, if you carefully consider these simple landing rules and diligently follow them.
Don't be afraid to experiment! Plant at least a couple of beds before winter and you will see how much easier it will be for you in the spring.
And now I propose to watch a short video on this topic.
See you soon, dear readers, and happy landings!
How to prepare the beds for winter sowing of vegetables
The preparation of the ridges plays an important role in the process of winter sowing.After all, only high-quality, reliably protected beds with nutritious soil can become worthy protection for seeds that have to endure the winter outdoors.
For sowing vegetables, it would be better to choose high beds, but if you are not a supporter of their arrangement, ordinary beds are also suitable, reliably protected around the perimeter by boards, slate, polycarbonate or other material. Such a fence will not allow the spring waters to wash away crops and retain snow on the ridges.
Place your plantings in the sunniest and most elevated place, where the snow melts in the spring. However, if you have such a place in an open space, take care of windproof structures, for example, install shields on the windward side. If there is not much snow in your area, do not forget to prepare in advance a layer of spruce branches or other mulch, which will replace the snow layer in your beds.
As with sowing flowers for the winter, the ridges need to be prepared in advance, while the temperature is above zero. Weed the soil, apply fertilizers with a low nitrogen content (AVA, Autumn, Diammophoska, Nitrophoska), draw 3-5 cm deep seed furrows with a plane cutter or rake angle, and then cover the ridge with foil to avoid waterlogging. In separate bags, stock up the substrate for mulching plantings (garden soil with peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 1), and wait for frost.
When a stable negative temperature is established, sow seeds 1.5-2 times more than the norm, cover them with prepared soil, and then mulch with spruce branches, spunbond or healthy leaf litter. The thickness of the shelter should be about 15 cm, but remember that light leaves can be blown around the area by the wind, so they need to be fixed.
There is no need to water the autumn crops - the spring melting snow will be enough to water the seeds with moisture.