Planting pepper is a serious and important occupation for all gardeners and gardeners. Many residents of Russia love sweet and hot peppers, and they have actively begun to grow it on their plots in the last 50 years.
The quality of the seedlings and the harvest directly depends on how the date is chosen and the conditions are met. The choice of the date for planting pepper depends on many factors: the growing region, the lunar calendar, weather conditions and growing conditions for seedlings.
How not to make a mistake and plant the pepper on time?
When is the best time to plant peppers?
Auspicious days for planting pepper
Favorable days for sowing pepper are chosen, first of all, depending on the variety. When purchasing seeds, carefully read the annotation and study the conditions for growing the culture. Choose varieties that are ideal for planting in the region where you live. The pepper will grow, form an ovary, fruits, so the plant needs to create conditions in which the harvest will be the best.
You should also take into account the time of planting seedlings in the ground. The peppers should get stronger by this time, and the earth should warm up to no less than 15-18 degrees Celsius.
There are early ripening, mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties of peppers.
Pepper: when to sow:
For early ripening, it takes about 100 days from the moment of germination and about 60 days before planting in open ground. Before harvesting mid-season peppers, they will need to be grown for 130 days, and they should be planted in the ground no earlier than 70 days after planting the seeds. Late-ripening varieties are planted in the ground on the 80th day, and ripen on average 145 days after the seeds sprout.
Favorable days for planting pepper:
Therefore, a favorable time for planting seeds should be considered a period corresponding to all the above dates. About 10 days are added to it - the time it takes for the seeds to hatch and come to life.
The following are considered favorable days for planting peppers in winter and spring 2021:
- January 16, 17, 21, 22, 26, 27;
- February 13, 14, 17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 24;
- March 16, 17, 18, 22, 23;
- April 14, 18, 19.
Unfavorable days for planting peppers
There are also unfavorable days for planting seeds and planting pepper seedlings in the ground. The seeds planted on these days will not germinate in the total mass of more than 50%, the seedlings will appear for a long time and may be weak. Subsequently, the plants are at risk of disease and early death. The fruits on the plants planted on unfavorable days will be small, and the harvest will not please.
The following are considered unfavorable days for planting peppers in winter and spring 2021:
- January 13, 14, 15, 28;
- February 10, 11, 12, 27;
- March 9, 10, 11, 13, 28;
- April 5, 6, 7, 12, 27.
These days it is better to refrain from carrying out any planting work.
Planting pepper according to the lunar calendar
Many gardeners are already practicing planting seeds and planting peppers in the ground according to the lunar calendar. There are those who do not trust these recommendations, but more than once practice has shown that reckoning with the lunar calendar is more useful than ignoring it.
Indeed, it is foolish for a modern person to deny that all natural cycles are adjusted to the phases of the moon. therefore it is important to know when the night star favors planting work and to be guided by it.
However, there are also some factors to be aware of:
- The time of the new moon and 3 days after the new moon is not recommended to land anything. These days, it is permissible only to water, fertilize, loosen and pinch the plants.
- Starting from the 4th day of the new moon, you can plant seeds and seedlings. This is an auspicious period.
- On the waning moon, you can plant root crops. Those that bear fruit in the aboveground part are not recommended to be planted. But you can do them loosening, watering, weeding.
- You need to postpone planting work on the day of the full moon, the day before and on the day after.
Planting dates for pepper in the regions
Planting dates for pepper in Siberia
Siberia is considered one of the most severe regions in terms of climate. It is more difficult for gardeners and gardeners to grow crops that grow without much difficulty in the central regions.
A pepper that can bear fruit in Siberia must be either early or mid-season. Late-ripening varieties of pepper in Siberia are difficult to grow due to the early onset of cold weather. The crop that ripens in late summer and early autumn does not have time to ripen.
We advise you to start germinating seeds from January 27, February 4, 9, 27. Siberian gardeners begin planting seeds in February and March. Planting pepper in the ground is best organized either in a greenhouse or under a covering material.
Planting dates for pepper in Transbaikalia
The timing of planting pepper in the regions of Transbaikalia does not differ much from the Siberian ones. The weather in these parts is not hot, therefore, early or mid-season peppers are best planted.
Soak the seeds at the end of January, and it is better to plant them in February. If cultivation is planned in a greenhouse, then you can shift the planting date for a month in advance.
Planting dates for peppers in central Russia
Despite the fact that the climate in Central Russia is much milder than in Siberia, professionals do not advise to get carried away with planting late-ripening varieties. It is recommended to plant seeds on February 4, 12, 13, 14, 17, 19, 23; March 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 16, 20, 21 and 22.
Planting dates for pepper in the Far East
In the Far East, growing pepper in soil is a very difficult task. therefore this culture is grown under constant illumination in greenhouses. Seed planting is carried out in January and February, this is the most favorable time for this region.
Planting dates for pepper in the Moscow region
Gardeners near Moscow are advised to plant peppers in February or March. When growing late-ripening varieties, it is recommended to plant seedlings in a greenhouse, since the weather can let down and break out in early cold weather, while the harvest is not yet ripe.
Favorable days for planting are February 4, 12, 13, 14, 17, 19, 23; March 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 16, 20, 21 and 22.
Planting dates for peppers in the southern regions
Gardeners of the southern regions of Russia successfully grow different varieties of pepper due to favorable weather conditions. Warm spring and velvet autumn are suitable for both early and late varieties. Seed soaking can be done from the end of January, and planting, respectively, in January, February, March and even April.
The timing of planting peppers in the Leningrad region
The Leningrad Region grows sweet and hot peppers until the end of summer. therefore planting of seeds begins in February... For this, in 2021, numbers 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 28 are suitable.
Germinating cayenne pepper seeds:
In addition to meeting the planting dates, it is important to properly care for the planted seeds and seedlings. Since planting is done most often in winter, the plants do not have enough light. They stretch upward, weaken and shrink.
To prevent this, you should install additional lighting for the peppers. A phytolamp should be placed above the trays with seedlings, which should be lit in the morning and in the evening, so that the peppers have a light day for at least half a day.
In addition to lighting, you need to constantly monitor compliance with the temperature regime. In the room where the seedlings are growing, the temperature should be constant and vary between 23-25 degrees.
For watering, you need to defend the water and bring it to room temperature. Watering is carried out when the top layer begins to dry out slightly. Plants cannot be poured, as the root can rot.
After two leaves appear on the plant, we recommend planting peppers. Two weeks after transplanting, in separate containers or in large pots, the plants are fertilized.
A few days before planting in the ground, the seedlings begin to "harden", taking them out into the street, on the balcony. Landing on the ridges is carried out when the peppers have 12 leaves and the period of keeping at home is sustained.
The soil temperature should not be lower than 15 degrees, otherwise the peppers will die. The first weeks after planting the plants should be kept under the covering material.
Planting pepper in the ground:
To grow a good crop of sweet or hot peppers, you need to choose the right date for planting them. When planning, you should take into account the variety of pepper, the region and growing conditions, the method of planting.
Many gardeners use the gardener's lunar calendar when planning planting work. Usually, the best results are given by plants planted during the growing phase of the moon. Timely planting and proper plant care will ensure a good harvest of pepper.
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Lunar calendar for sowing seeds for seedlings
- 1 Biodynamics for plants
- 2 Moon phases
- 3 Fertile and infertile signs of the zodiac
- 4 Lunar sowing calendar
- 4.1 Favorable time for planting plants in the South
- 4.2 Time for planting plants in the Black Earth Region
- 4.3 Favorable dates for planting in the Moscow region and in the regions related to the middle lane
- 4.4 Favorable days for planting in Siberia and the Urals
- 5 Unfavorable days of 2021 for sowing
- 6 Dates for sowing flower crops for seedlings
- 7 Frequently asked questions about planting seedlings that gardeners ask
- 8 Watch the video: sowing seeds for seedlings
It has long been known that the moon has a powerful effect on the activity of the life cycle of plants. The sowing lunar calendar will tell you how to use the lunar energy correctly in 2021 to increase the harvest.
General lunar calendar for May 2020 for gardeners, gardeners and florists
The main tasks of gardeners and flower growers in May is to care for seedlings of vegetables and flowers. The above calendar describes which days you need to plant certain plants. Soil cultivation and pest control are also needed this month.
Favorable and unfavorable days
Let's take a closer look at all the “good” and forbidden days for gardening and gardening this spring. Depending on the position of the moon, it is better to perform certain tasks on a specific day. And the following infographic can help in drawing up the May schedule.
This diagram is the most detailed and describes the spring work in the garden as accurately as possible. Any discrepancies between the above data and other calendars are due to different regions of residence.
How it is compiled and how much should you trust the lunar calendar
Science does not deny that the rising and falling of the moon affects the growth of plants.
For example, scientists have found that the rate of development of a seedling will depend on the date of planting. However, it should be noted that this effect is very insignificant and almost invisible from the outside.
It is also necessary to pay special attention to how these calendars are compiled. The fact is that planting tables are not compiled by scientists, but by astrologers. Many of them are simply charlatans, so it is important to take information from trusted sources.
When to plant pepper seeds for seedlings in 2019 according to the lunar calendar
The moon has a huge impact on yields. Always consider the phase of the moon before planting your plants. Depending on the location of this heavenly body, there are favorable and unfavorable days for landing. This information was guided many centuries ago, so the veracity of the lunar calendar is beyond doubt. Learn about eggplant varieties for Siberia for open ground here.
Favorable days for sowing
There are days when sowing seedlings in an apartment is guaranteed to give a positive result, reduce the risk of many diseases, and stimulate the growth and development of the seedling. Each of the planting months has its own specific numbers and, please note that they are different for different crops.
There are favorable days not only for planting, but also for picking seedlings.
When to plant and replant seedlings in February
Timely planting is the key to a large harvest. If all goes well, then at the end of May or at the beginning of June, all grown seedlings will be ready for planting in open ground.
This month it is better to plant peppers on specific days: 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, and the numbers are also considered favorable: 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 28. There is also one for picking this month. optimal time: February 25, 27, 28.
Landing in March
Landing in March is suitable for those who live in the middle or northern part of the country. This month it is worth choosing such auspicious days: 7, 10, 12.
Planting should start by placing the seeds in pots, after the container, cover with a film until shoots appear. Make sure that the room temperature is at least 22 degrees, otherwise the March seedlings will not sprout.
When can you sow in April
The following days are suitable for planting pepper: 7, 8, 11, 12, 20, 21. April seedlings will harvest by the end of July - if they are planted in a greenhouse, and in August - if they are planted in open ground.
The late planting period has one characteristic advantage: the pepper will receive a lot of sun and therefore it will take less time from the germination period to flowering. Find out about early ripening varieties of carrots for the Middle Lane here.
When to sow in May
In May, the seedlings are actively transplanted into a greenhouse or open ground. The choice of the appropriate option depends on the climatic zone and the temperature index in this spring month. The best days to land: 10, 11, 12.
When to plant in June
Landing in June does not provide for shelter and the establishment of an optimal temperature for seedlings. At this time in all regions there are already favorable weather conditions for planting seedlings in the ground.
Positive calendar dates include: 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23.
What does "first quarter" and "third quarter" mean in the lunar calendar
After the new moon, the moon begins to grow, its crescent appears in the sky and gradually increases. At some point in the lunar month, it turns out that exactly half of the lunar disk appears to us illuminated, and the other half is not visible. This phase of the synodic lunar month is called the first quarter.
In the third quarter or last quarter, we again see exactly half of the Moon, but this is already a waning, aging Moon. It's like a mirror image of the first quarter.
When to plant seeds for seedlings
The harvest will turn out great if you know when to plant seeds for seedlings. Planting of vegetable crops in each region takes place at one time, as well as seedlings.
We give an indicative planting calendar for 2016 for sowing vegetable seeds. Much may depend on weather conditions, therefore, in a particular area, changes in sowing dates are permissible.
When to plant seeds for seedlings
The timing of sowing seeds for seedlings by months, indicating the age and day of planting seedlings in the ground.
Celery. Sowing should be started after February 25th. 15 days pass from the sowing day to germination. Seedlings must be at least 70–80 days old. Start planting seedlings from May 25.
Bell pepper. Sowing is done after March 10. From the sowing day to seedling germination about two weeks. (12-14 days). Seedlings must be aged for up to 70 days. It can be planted in the greenhouse in June in the first decade, more precisely from the 5th.
Early white cabbage. Seeds are sown starting from March 15th. From the moment of sowing, 5 days pass and the first shoots already appear. Seedlings should be 50 days old. After May 20, it is planted in open ground.
Cauliflower and broccoli. Sow containers with soil mixture with seeds no earlier than March 15. Planting is done together with early white cabbage.
Black onions and leeks. After March 15, sowing can be carried out.The seedlings must be 50 days old and ready to plant.
To know when to plant seeds for seedlings, you need to focus on the annual planting lunar calendar.
Eggplant. Seeds are sown from April 1 and after 12 days they sprout. After 50 days, and this is June 5, the seedlings are planted in a greenhouse. Tips for growing seedlings here.
Tomatoes. According to the lunar planting calendar from April, you can sow tomato seeds. After 8 days, green sprouts will appear. Seedlings should be planted between 45 days and 50, but not later.
Cucumbers. Sowing is carried out no earlier than April 25. After 3 days, green sprouts will appear. If the greenhouse is not heated, then you need to plant cucumbers after May 25 at the age of 27 days.
Grow cucumber seedlings in sawdust here.
Head salad. After April 25, you need to start sowing lettuce seeds. Seedlings will sprout quickly already on the 4th day. On June 10, seedlings are planted at the age of forty days.
Mid-season white cabbage. At the end of April, it is time to plant seedlings of vegetables - a mid-season squirrel. After 40 days, the sprouts will get stronger and will be ready for transplantation. They need to be planted after the early white cabbage.
About growing seedlings in a plastic bottle here.
Pumpkin, zucchini, squash. May 10, the beginning of sowing squash, squash and pumpkin. Its seedlings will hatch in 4 days and will grow and get stronger for about 27 days. It is necessary to plant seedlings on June 10.
The calendar of sowing seeds and planting seedlings in the ground was presented by Pro100ogorod under the heading "All about seedlings".
Possible problems and mistakes when leaving
Lobelia has a high level of resistance to diseases, but with improper care, the immunity of plants can be significantly weakened. Waterlogging of the soil is especially dangerous, since a favorable environment is created for the development of pathogenic bacteria. Most often, with stagnant moisture, fungal infections begin to develop. The appearance of the fungus is indicated by the appearance of dark spots on all parts of the plant. The affected areas are cut off, and the remaining parts of the plants are treated with biofungicides to prevent the development of the fungus.
Among the pests, the most dangerous is the spider's flare. When trying to get to the lobelia juices, they damage the green parts of the plants. Gradually, the affected areas wither and fade. A favorable environment for spider webs is created during droughts and insufficient watering. If the lesion is insignificant, then to fight it is enough to remove the damaged stems and shoots, and spray the bush with a solution based on laundry soap.
Despite the fact that lobelia is a capricious crop, it is not very difficult to grow it. If you follow all the rules of planting and care in the open field, the photo and appearance of the result will please. Beautiful light clouds of airy flowers will adorn any flower bed.