Okra - cultivation and recipes

Okra - cultivation and recipes

Try to grow okra - an interesting and healthy vegetable crop

  • Okra application
  • Features of culture
  • How to grow okra
  • Harvesting okra
  • Okra recipes

For residents of the middle lane okra - the culture is almost exotic. And for southerners, this is already a familiar and favorite vegetable, from which many delicious dishes can be prepared. Although it appeared in Russia relatively recently. Although it is known that Anton Pavlovich Chekhov successfully cultivated okra on his Melikhovo estate near Moscow.

They grow okra (it is also called gombo, okra) in the countries of Asia, Africa, America. On the territory of the former Soviet Union, this crop is successfully cultivated in Georgia, Armenia, Central Asia, Ukraine, Moldova, in Russia - in the Kuban and in the Central zone.

Okra application

Okra is used exclusively for culinary purposes. The fruits of okra are used for food in the form of unopened pods. Young pods appear on the plant every 3-4 days from mid-summer until frost. In addition to pods, you can also eat young okra leaves.

Its fruit tastes like asparagus and eggplant, so it should come as no surprise that it is cooked similarly to these vegetables. Okra is used raw, boiled, stewed, fried. It is added to salads, soups, vegetable stews, used as a side dish for meat, poultry and fish.

Features of culture

Okra belongs to the family Malvov... An annual plant. Taproot, weakly branching, penetrating into the ground to a depth of more than 1.5 meters. The stalk is thick, forming at the bottom of the stepson. Stem height up to 2 meters or up to 40-50 cm in low-growing forms. The leaves are large, on long petioles, the flowers are single, large, beautiful, yellow-cream in color, gramophone form. They are located in the leaf axils.

The fruit is a multi-seeded capsule, as a rule, pentahedral cone-shaped, with ripe seeds 20-25 cm long in one species and 10-18 in another. Seeds are round, dark green, olive or dark gray, 5-6 mm in diameter. The plant is self-pollinating, in a humid climate, cross-pollination is possible, which leads to cross-pollination between varieties and a change in varietal qualities when these seeds are sown next year.

Okra begins to bear fruit 60-65 days after sowing the seeds. Fruiting continues until frost. Productivity is high, especially in two types of tall plants - how many leaves grow, so many fruits will be.

With good care, there are 30-40 boxes on one plant. Okra is a heat-loving, moisture-loving, sun-loving plant. They eat 3-4 day old fruit ovaries - in salads, soups, side dishes for main courses, in sauces and gravies, as well as boiled, fried, harvested for future use in dried, frozen and canned form.

From unripe fruits, taken before freezing, you can prepare "green peas" - remove unripe seeds from the boxes and preserve for future use. Ripe seeds are used to prepare "Coffee gombo" - the seeds are fried in a pan without oil until a coffee aroma appears, then they are cooled and ground on a coffee grinder, a powder for making a coffee-chocolate drink is obtained, which does not contain caffeine and is especially useful for children and the elderly. This drink can be drunk in the evening and at night. Everyone chooses the degree of overcooking of okra seeds for himself.

How to grow okra

Okra is easy to grow and does not require any special personal care. You can sow both with seeds in the ground and with seedlings - sow the seeds in separate cups and transplant with a lump of earth into the open ground or into a greenhouse, since it does not tolerate root breakage.

Okra fruits contain (as a percentage of raw matter): dry matter 12.7-32.3%, sugar 2.2-6.1%, crude protein 1.5-2%.100 g of raw okra contains ascorbic acid (vitamin C) 14-35 mg, carotene (provitamin A) 2-3.5 mg. The fruits of okra also contain B vitamins, as well as a large amount of mucous substances, which makes it a valuable product for patients with peptic ulcer and gastritis. The mucus covers the damaged areas of the gastrointestinal tract from acids and alkalis. In such conditions, the process of formation of new tissues is faster. Ripe okra seeds contain up to 20% olive oil.

I sow okra with dry seeds after May 9-10, when the probability of spring frosts is small, the earth warmed up, at nights the temperature is not lower than 12-15 degrees. Gardeners in more northerly regions can also try growing okra outdoors in sunny, sheltered locations. If it does not work out, then grow in greenhouses through seedlings.

The depth of sowing seeds is 2.5-3 cm, I throw 2 seeds per hole. I make holes in a row every 30 cm, leave 70 cm between rows. I water the holes immediately, regardless of the moisture content of the soil, and after 10 days I water it again. After the emergence of seedlings, after 2-3 weeks, I cut off (but do not pull out) a weak sprout, leaving one plant in the hole. I weed when weeds appear, water it not often, but so that the ground is moistened to a depth of 30-40 cm. I cut off my stepchildren - their harvest is small, and the shading and difficulties in caring for the plants are significant.

Harvesting okra

I cut off or break out the green boxes of okra in 3-4 days. If you delay harvesting, then after 5-6 days the fruits begin to coarse, become fibrous and tasteless. The stem of the okra is pubescent, which, when in contact with unprotected skin, can cause itching in some people, so it is best to wear gloves and a long-sleeved shirt when leaving.

On one okra plant, there are simultaneously green and overripe fruits, as well as fruits in the stage of seed ripening in them, new flowers and buds.

Plants grow in height and form new leaves. You should not leave overripe fruits on okra, as the yield of green fruits is sharply reduced. I select 2-4 plants to get seeds. And to get the seeds that go to the preparation of a coffee drink, I also leave the required number of plants from which I do not cut green fruits. In a mature box of okra seeds, there are 40-60 seeds, when the box overripe, it bursts and the seeds crumble.

Okra grows well on fertile, light in chemical composition soils, does not tolerate waterlogged, with a close location of groundwater. If necessary, the soil must be fertilized, preferably with humus, moderately complete mineral fertilizer, but keep in mind that you yourself will eat this okra.

Okra recipes

To prepare okra, choose elastic, bright green, not wrinkled and have not changed color anywhere, young boxes 5-10 cm long; when bent, the fruit should break easily. Unripe fruits are boiled in salted water for 8 minutes, allowed to drain, each fruit is dried with a towel, and then fried in a large amount of fat until tender. In Eastern Europe, okra is added to soups and stews; in India, it is added to curry sauce. In the southern states of the United States, a stew made from chicken, ham, tomatoes, onions, hot paprika, and okra is called gumbo.

And here's another recipe - okra with egg: boil the okra fruits, peeled from the stalks, in salted and acidified water with vinegar. Drain the water, put half the fruits on a greased baking sheet, on them - fried onions, the last layer - the remaining pods. Pour in eggs, beaten with milk and bake in the oven until golden brown. For 750 g of vegetable, you will need 3 eggs and 1.5 cups of milk.

Very tasty stewed okra... Peel the pods and soak them in salted and vinegar-acidified water. Fry finely chopped onions in vegetable oil.Put okra and onions in a saucepan, add red ground pepper, put slices of tomato or lemon on top and simmer over low heat without adding water or stirring. Sprinkle with parsley before removing from heat. For 500 g of okra, you will need 2-3 tomatoes or 0.5 lemons, parsley, 2 onions, 5 tbsp. tablespoons of vegetable oil, 1 teaspoon of red ground pepper.

For the future you can prepare okra in tomato juice... Arrange young pods up to 8 cm long in glass jars, fill with fresh tomato juice salted to taste, pasteurize for 40 minutes, then seal.

For everyone who wants to grow this interesting and healthy vegetable crop, I can offer two types of okra seeds: tall ones - with pyramidal and long capsules, as well as seeds of rare varieties of eggplants, tomatoes, sweet and hot peppers, cucumbers, pumpkins, giant sunflowers, rare watermelons and melons, celery, carrots and beets, onions and various garlic, lagenaria, angurias, potato seeds, interesting radish and daikon, radish and turnip, giant vegetables of the "Russian size" series, cabbage of all kinds, rutabagas, medicinal and gingerbread herbs, perennial onions, winter onions "Ellan", wild garlic, asparagus, cowpea beans, peas of different varieties, sorghum of three types, chumiza, forage and lawn grasses, flower crops. I am sending you a catalog with a detailed description of each variety on 57 pages. Send in a large envelope with o / a and stamp. It is possible to send seeds by cash on delivery.

Write: Brizhan Valery Ivanovich, st. Kommunarov, 6, Art. Chelbasskaya, Kanevsky district,
Krasnodar Territory, 353715.
Valery Brizhan, experienced gardener
Photo by the author


Popular varieties

Edible Abelmos is one of the brightest members of the Malvov family. On the territory of the post-Soviet space, this representative of the flora has long been a curiosity. Today, an exotic plant is often grown in summer cottages. Among the most popular varieties of okra among domestic gardeners are the following:

  • "Lady fingers"
  • "Green Velvet" and "Green Dwarf"
  • “White Velvet” and “White Cylindrical”.


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Description: Are you the owner of a personal plot, do you have your own dacha or vegetable garden? Then you just need to have interlocutors to discuss the little tricks and tricks to get a high yield. Here you will always be aware of all the news in the world of gardening. We will help you create a beautiful garden using the latest technology with the introduction of design solutions.

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Effective pest control in the garden
SAVE TO DON'T FORGET

-Getting rid of onion and carrot flies
-Potato bugs will no longer be shown in full.
-Fight against aphids
-Fight against a bear (cabbage)
-Fight against moles

Getting rid of onion and carrot flies

The simplest but most effective way is to treat the beds with a weak ammonia solution. You can use ammonia - 2 tbsp. for 5 liters of water. It will not be superfluous to add 2 drops of iodine and 1/3 teaspoon of dry boric acid to 5 liters of solution, this will serve as a good nourishment for onions and mochas.

Fighting Colorado beetles

The Colorado potato beetle does not tolerate garlic. It is enough to stick its cloves between the potato bushes. You can also make a solution - 200 gr. chop the garlic, pour a bucket of water and leave all day. After that, laundry soap (50 g) is diluted in the solution, and the area is sprayed with this composition.

If an aphid attacked, it is best to hit it with ammonia. Two tablespoons of ammonia in a bucket of water plus an adhesive - a spoonful of detergent or shampoo. Aphids fall in shock. And ammonia evaporates quickly and gets a little into the leaf - this is a common foliar nitrogen dressing.

Fighting the bear (cabbage)

We buy ammonia at the pharmacy, then we dilute it with 10 mg per 10 liters of water. And when we plant seedlings, then pour a half liter jar under each bush. And that's it, you will be with seedlings and with the harvest. This is the second year I have been doing this, and you know, it helps!

Castor oil is considered a popular ingredient in the fight against moles. You can prepare your own remedy based on it. To create a concentrate, mix 200 ml of castor oil and 3 tbsp. liquid soap or dishwashing detergent. Dilute the resulting mixture at the rate of 30 ml per 4 liters of water. Spread the solution over the surface of the area occupied by moles. This is best done after rain or watering.


Okra - cultivation and recipes - garden and vegetable garden

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In recent years, residents of the southern regions of the country are increasingly complaining about the death of the potato crop during storage from voracious small caterpillars. Under the skin and inside, the tubers are completely riddled with winding passages.

In September, they continue to look after late-ripening varieties of white cabbage, Brussels sprouts, kohlrabi, as well as radishes and green crops - parsley, dill, lettuce and spinach. Warm September days are more conducive to the ripening of many vegetable crops.

Water the flowers in time, do not let the soil dry out. Spray your green pets regularly, give them a shower. Do not forget to loosen the soil after these procedures.

At the beginning of the month, continue to divide and transplant rhizome perennials (this can be done before the active growth of shoots begins).

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Continue propagating and replanting plants. Many indoor flowers suffer from the bright spring sun and can get burns. Watch your green pets carefully, shade them with tulle or gauze if necessary.

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For several years now I have been making medicinal tea. Relatives and friends, invited to a tea party, always ask to brew my own, branded ... Perhaps, my recipe will also please the readers.

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It's a pity, because its fruits are very useful, superior, especially in hot and dry summers, so our Moscow quince is healthier than the southern one.

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The fact is that the substances contained in raspberries are easily absorbed by the body, promote the absorption of other products, and neutralize organic acids of animal origin.

The next year, a crop is formed on last year's stems, and new replacement shoots and offspring grow from the buds on the rhizome and roots. Old stems dry up after fruiting.

The best place for planting raspberries is a flat slope, without groundwater outlets and saucers of stagnant water. The site should be well protected from winds, but without the accumulation of cold air masses.

A raspberry bush for gardening can be compact (1) or spreading (2). Many shoots can form (more than 30 per 1 m of a row or 10 per bush), the average number

A modern variety of raspberries for a summer cottage, an amateur garden, must have the following qualities: winter hardiness (in particular, the ability not to lose hardening during thaws or

During this time, the soil is depleted, weeds, pests, pathogens accumulate on the plantations, plants age, lose their resistance, and reduce productivity.

Raspberries grow successfully, bear fruit abundantly and more easily endure all the hardships with the systematic application of organic fertilizers to the soil. They are various composts and rotted manure.

Raspberry seedlings are placed in one or more rows. Distances between seedlings for single-row placement and belt cultivation 0.3-0.7 m, depending on the quality of seedlings

In the first year, for intensive use of the area between raspberry bushes, you can plant early vegetables: dill, garlic, onions, turnips, radishes, carrots, beets for summer borscht

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I prefer summer, June green cuttings: seedlings can be obtained quickly, they are not infected with kidney mites and take root well. In addition, green cuttings make it possible

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Vegetable crops have different requirements for organic fertilizers. The most demanding (cabbage, cucumbers, tomatoes, pumpkin, zucchini, squash). These vegetables can even be fertilized with fresh manure.

Among the most useful crops I consider beets. It has been known since ancient times in Greece, Rome and the Mediterranean countries. Beets came to Europe in the XIV century.

The tomato culture has found wide application due to the high nutritional value and versatility of the use of the fruit. They contain carbohydrates, organic acids (malic, citric, etc.)

When growing seedlings from sowing to emergence, the temperature is maintained at 18-21 °. After emergence within 4-5 days, the temperature should be 14-16 ° during the day.

The plot for tomatoes should be dug up in autumn to a depth of at least 20 cm.In the spring it is fertilized (per 10 m2: 1 kg of ash, 200 g of ammonium nitrate, 400 g of potassium salts

Preventive measures to protect tomatoes from pests and diseases include: compliance with crop rotation, timely implementation of agricultural practices, removal of post-harvest residues

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Plum fruits are high in calories, surpassing apples, pears, apricots, peaches, currants, raspberries and strawberries. 100 g of plum fruit contains 6 - 14 g of sugars

Nikolay Pavlovich, Moscow: "My mother-in-law recently bought a raspberry tree in the nursery. And I haven't even heard of this plant. How to grow it and can you get a harvest from it?"

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This root crop is appreciated for its cold resistance and early maturity, for the fact that for the inhabitants of the northern regions of agriculture it is a source of valuable vitamins, protein substances, and mineral salts.

There are many varieties of basil, including those that have a pleasant aroma of allspice and are specially cultivated as a garden crop. Basil is widespread in Georgia

During storage, potatoes may develop dry rot. At the same time, dull brown spots with wrinkled skin appear on the tubers. The pulp under them becomes dry and rotten.

Flower buds appeared on the apple tree, and suddenly trouble: instead of swelling and blooming, they seemed to stick together with some sweetish liquid.

After all, the survival of the tree in a new place depends on this. If you have to move it over a long distance, then you cannot do without a machine or tractor.

When growing seedlings, it is very important that plants of equal strength fall on the beds: this is an indispensable condition for obtaining a high, evenly ripening yield.

In June, the time for sampling of green onions comes from seeds sown before winter. With good care at the end of the month, you can start picking onions sown in April.

Gray rot is a very annoying disease for those who grow garden strawberries. Almost every year she "collects tribute" from the strawberry beds, and in some years, especially if the summer is damp and cool

So CALCIUM. With this element, not everything is completely clear. Plants absorb it in fairly large quantities, but its physiological role is not fully understood.

IRON is also one of the most essential elements. Without it, chlorophyll does not form in the leaves, although this element is not included in chlorophyll. There is a lot of iron in the soil

The method of grafting with a graft for the bark is one of the simplest. It is good when the stalk is much thinner than the rootstock branch. The cut (and the cut for a thick branch) should be even, smooth.

For seeds of heat-loving crops, there is an agricultural hardening method. Seeds swollen after soaking, which have begun to function (some of them hatched)

Many growers are aware of the benefits of cubed seedlings. Let's talk about how best to make them at home. Well-decomposed peat is the main material.

The reasons are most often the following: fresh (previous year) seeds were taken for sowing, in addition, they were not pre-warmed up; the plants in the garden are placed too densely; the beds are shaded with something

However, it is better to do this without waiting for autumn: dig up the shoots while still young, reaching 15-20 centimeters, and plant them for growing separately, in loose soil. By autumn

Tomatoes do not need to be watered too often - just once a week is enough. It is important that watering is regular, otherwise, with an uneven flow of moisture, tomatoes can get sick with apical rot.

Those who have learned how to grow them under captivity begin to pick garden strawberries two weeks earlier. Of course, there are a lot of additional troubles with it, but they pay off with an early and bountiful harvest.

Summer is just beginning, and in the raspberry plantations there is trouble: recently young shoots have appeared from the soil, and already some of them have turned black and bent down the tops.

The peculiarities of the development of berry bushes are such that they begin to bloom in the spring earlier than other plants in the garden. That is why it is important to carry out the bulk of the work required for them in the fall.

Many people are familiar with this picture: in August and September, on the shelves of shops and markets in the central regions of Russia, there are heaps of apples, in the orchards there are a lot of fruits, and business executives who are tortured by worries are trying

Digging up the garden, clearing the garden of dead foliage and grass, rolling away a stone from the path, you see how disturbed beetles, large and small, black and colored, shimmering with metal and dull, rush to flee.

In dry weather, it is necessary to clean up all wounds and cracks on the skeletal branches and boles of fruit trees, treat them with a 3% solution of copper or 5% solution of ferrous sulfate

But the June dropping of the ovaries is not at all a sign of some kind of trouble, but an inevitable physiological process when a tree naturally frees itself from unnecessary stress.

This variety, according to the famous Russian pomologist L.P. Simirenko, was bred in Saxony in the 19th century and bears the name of the originator Drogan. The variety is self-infertile (pollinators

Many of you may be surprised to learn that among the nightshades there are vines. But it is so. Bittersweet nightshade is a beautiful woody liana and belongs to the same family

The readers of the site learned about the medicinal and nutritional qualities of one of the types of scorzonera - black root, or black carrot, as this plant is often called by amateur vegetable growers, from an article by Professor A. Turova.

Many bacterial, fungal and viral diseases of vegetable crops are transmitted through seeds. Therefore, they are pickled before sowing. Etching contributes not only to the destruction of pathogens

To do this, the boles are tied with polyvinyl chloride captivity, you can use roofing roofing paper, spruce branches. Not only the bark of boles and the forks of skeletal branches are closed from hares and elk with a lapnik.

Many amateur gardeners, taking up a sprayer, think only about how to quickly destroy insects in the garden, forgetting that among them there are many useful ones - the gardener's allies.

For several years now I have not used pesticides in my garden. I make do with herbal pest control products. Nature has created many plants. Possessing insecticidal properties.

We have already talked about Chinese lemongrass on the Dacha Soviets website. Many are aware of the merits of this culture from other sources as well. But from correspondence with many amateur gardeners, I know

In Eastern Siberia, in the Far East, this shrub grows wild. There is a lot of it in mountainous areas, on limestones, along river banks, in moist coniferous forests, along the edges of peat bogs.

In the middle lane at the end of March, pruning and formation of berry bushes begins. The past winter turned out to be favorable for overwintering black and red currants, so they are pruned as usual.

Premature shedding of leaves on a pear, a decrease in the annual growth of shoots, abnormal development and death of buds, a decrease in yield - this is not a complete list of the tricks of a malicious pest

The weather conditions of this year in many regions have delayed the ripening of currants, gooseberries and raspberries. Naturally, the timing of post-harvest care has also shifted.

And during winter dormancy, the life of deciduous trees continues, albeit in a latent form. Respiration in dormant plants is comparatively intense even in severe frosts.

With what impatience the gardeners await the harvest! And now he is ripe. It is good when the berries are whole, fragrant, juicy: and for them to always be like this, the berries need good care.

The weather is known to have a strong effect on fruit plants. For successful horticulture, it is necessary to solve not only the issues of improving the general production culture

Polina Lebedeva, Bryansk: "An old pear with beautiful, tasty, well-stored fruits grows in our garden. Is it possible to cut it for rejuvenation, forming a new tree from the growth that has appeared on the trunk?"

Will cherries bloom and bear fruit today? Alas, successful seasons are less and less common. And she gives a good harvest only with skillful tree care from early spring!

Cherries are infected with coccomycosis. The main symptom of coccomycosis on cherries is spotted leaves (Fig. 2). Sick trees completely lose their green outfit by the beginning of August.

Petr Bolyshev, Solnechnogorsk, Moscow region: "I bought a plot, and with it a monster that lives in the soil - dark brown, about 5 cm long, hairy, with front legs like pincers.

If in the past you have had failures with eggplant, but you risked growing the seedlings of these healthy and tasty vegetables again, try this time to take into account all your previous mistakes and get a good harvest.

Everybody knows that the home clothes moth is the enemy of woolen and fur products. However, many of its relatives can be dangerous for various garden plants. One of them is apple moth.

Signs of the disease - a mosaic of alternating green and light yellow areas on the leaves - are found already a month after planting the seedlings in the ground. Such mosaic plates remain small.

The caterpillars of the ringed silkworm are very bright and catchy. They are fairly easy to spot when moving in the crown of a tree. The length of an adult caterpillar reaches 5 cm, the main background of the body is bluish-gray

From spring to late autumn, in gardens, especially in thickened ones, there are many different weevils. They eat up buds, petals, ovaries, but this is not so bad. But when will egg-laying begin?

Summer residents noticed long ago: the earlier the snow melted and the warmth came, the more terrible the return cold and frost for the plants.However, from such natural disasters in late spring and the very beginning

Cabbage seedlings are already asking for a permanent place. The time of harvesting and the harvest depends on when you plant it. Whatever your nursery, but the techniques for arranging the future garden

Let us remind you that ooculent rootstocks are called oculators. In the spring, it is necessary to remove the harness from them (if they did not do this before winter) and check the survival rate of the grafted kidneys.

Temper the seedlings. On warm, quiet days, take the seedlings out into the open air, shading them from the direct sun. Gradually, over 10-12 days, reduce shading time

In the middle lane, early varieties and hybrids of cabbage (Aigul Fv Golden hectare 1432) are planted in a permanent place from late April to May 5.

Potatoes, like a vacuum cleaner, absorb a disease-causing infection. It is deposited in storage tubers, and we plant them again next year. But even such unhealthy potatoes are eaten by pests.

Gray rot (Botrytis) is one of the most dangerous and harmful fungal diseases of flower crops, affecting more than 200 plant species from various families. It does not spare the most refined and refined representative of the flower kingdom - the lily.

A reliable way to deal with the Colorado potato beetle. The Colorado potato beetle used to adapt to crop protection chemicals that were used year after year.

The copper-yellow worm-like larva of the click beetle is probably no less harmful than the Colorado potato beetle. The most dangerous are the larvae of older instars, they are especially active if the ground is wet.

Some are sure that it needs to be dug up. Others argue that grass should grow in the trunk circle - as in nature. So where is the truth? And to understand who is right

Tatyana Ogareva, Smolensk: “In the literature on the subject of summer cottages, they often write that for one tree for irrigation, you need so much water in buckets. Of course, this is convenient when there are 2-3 trees in the garden.

Proper watering for fruit trees is most directly related, because without moisture they will die. And even if they survive (many crops are very tenacious), then they will definitely not give a good harvest.

Such feeding is done, as a rule, when it is necessary to urgently "heal" the plant. If you fertilize the garden every year according to all the rules, foliar feeding is not needed.

Most summer residents plant their apple and pear trees in the spring. But recently, in books and magazines, there are more and more expert tips who recommend planting trees in the summer.

Devices for fine atomization of solutions are so different that, choosing the right one, it is easy to get confused. Several types of sprayers may come in handy

Watering in the country is a large-scale business! Plants, especially vegetables, almost like people, are 75-80% water, so they are waiting for it, rejoicing in it, grateful for every drop.

However, for a very short time, the ground under the vegetables may not remain dry, but dry. The main thing here is not to cross the critical line. Clear symptoms indicate that the plants are already suffering.

Moisture-charging irrigation (with a hose) is needed to create a reserve of moisture in the soil. So water the beds before planting seedlings of vegetables in the summer. Or before filling the containers with soil.

To get a good harvest, vegetables need a large supply of moisture. The fact is that vegetables consume up to about 300 liters of water per 1 m2 per season.

Watering cans are now so different that their eyes run up. For the garden, we choose a comfortable one, and let the color, shape and other design delights become a pleasant, but not an obligatory addition.

The roots of cucumbers are weak and are located in the surface layer of the soil, which dries quickly. In addition, plants have large leaves, they evaporate a lot of water. Therefore, cucumbers are often watered by sprinkling.

Nitrogen fertilizers are applied before sowing, planting. In the second half of the summer, they are not needed, and sometimes even harm. Foliar top dressing with nitrogen fertilizers is undesirable - a lot of nitrogen is lost.

Top dressing is an addition to the diet of vegetables.If the soil is initially rich in nutrients, vegetables need not be fed. But, alas, this almost never happens in the middle lane.

It is prepared like this: the mullein is mixed with water in a 1: 1 ratio (for example, half a bucket of manure and half a bucket of water), tightly covered with a lid (this is important!) And kept warm and dark for 7-10 days

Any summer resident knows: the most unpleasant job on the site is weeding. Especially perennials such as thistle, bindweed and wheatgrass. No matter how you cut them with a hoe, they climb into the light of God.

Elizaveta Ukhova, Tver. Against powdery mildew, I spray the whips with a solution of urea (1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water). And if I don't have this fertilizer, milk diluted in water helps

If you do not go into details, then the depth of loosening for herbaceous annuals is 10-12 cm, and for perennials and dwarf shrubs up to 20-30.

It has long been known to all gardeners that plants get everything they need from compost for their development. There is no exact recipe for what and how much to put in the compost heap

Even a novice summer resident knows that the land in the beds, under the trees, bushes and in flower beds should be loose. The crust must be regularly destroyed, armed with the appropriate tool.

Tomato bushes are persistent and tenacious, they do not give up easily to infections or addictive insects. But even poisonous leaves and stems of plants do not frighten pests.

Loosening that dry watering. Summer residents are well aware of the paradox of dry irrigation, when, instead of water consumption, the soil surface is broken into small lumps. In terms of efficiency, two loosening

Cucumbers attract and attract not only people, but in general all living things. In the heat - insects, which, although they cannot crunch green leaves, suck the juices from the vines.

Gooseberry is a light-loving and demanding crop for soil fertility. The best place to land is well-lit, sheltered from the wind, where a lot of snow accumulates in winter.

The best time to plant gooseberries is late September - early October. Container-grown seedlings can be planted throughout the summer and fall. It is advisable to leave a distance between the plants.

In the second and third years, 350-500 g of saltpeter is introduced (half - in early spring on thawed ground, and then in mid-May). Fertilizers are scattered around the bush at a distance of 30-50 cm from the base.

Pruning is of great importance for gooseberries. Without it, the bushes become very thickened in the first years, and it is difficult to work with them, to harvest, they are more susceptible to damage by pests and diseases.

Winter cold can cause great harm to ornamental, fruit and berry crops. But do not forget that summer heat, autumn frosts and spring thaws are no less dangerous for plants.

Soon after the New Year holidays, I looked at the summer cottage and it seemed to me that the buds on the currant bushes swelled too early. Can this happen when it's still so cold outside?

For lovers of the earliest honeysuckle berry, breeders of the All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry made a gift - seven new varieties. These are Barballeta, Vlada, Koketka, Laura, Lenarola, Masha, Renata.

Anna Vorobyova, Tver: "What is the Dasha apple tree (some gardeners call her Dasha)? This variety is praised at sales of seedlings, but nowhere is there a description of it

Valentin Prigogine, Tver: “Last season, some strange green bug attacked my beets and almost left me without a crop. Do bugs eat beets?

Garden strawberries are planted in spring and autumn, so if you cannot thoroughly prepare the site in the near future, do not worry, but simply postpone planting until the end of August - September.

The potatoes are out of luck this year. The cold soil in the spring broke the usual planting dates, the germination of tubers was difficult, and even the pests did their job - they gladly ate the young seedlings.

Yuri Popov, Ryazan: "Please tell us about the largest and sweetest varieties of cherries that can be grown in central Russia. I want to plant in my garden, but I'm very afraid to make a mistake

Ostroumova, Moscow: “I worked at the Klinsky state farm near Moscow for many years and have my own garden plot.

In July, the gardener seems to have nothing to do in the garden. The sowing tension is over, the harvesting harvest is just unfolding - it would seem that you can take a break

Today, in our field of vision, mainly the apple tree neighbors in the orchard who have fallen asleep for the winter, and some general techniques, rules, and patterns of pruning.

So that trimming does not cause much trouble, and the work goes quickly, so that the cuts are of high quality, first of all, take care of the inventory, learn how to use it, and also fix the problems that arise.

Hardly anyone will object to the statement that potatoes are the second bread. For some today, it has become the first and almost the only food product.

When choosing potato varieties for planting, it is better to give preference to domestic varieties and not only out of patriotism, but also because of common sense. They are more adapted to our climate

In summer cottages, vegetable peas are sown somewhere in the backyard, along the fence, almost near the compost heap. Yes, peas are modest and picky, but on the site they simply have no price!

In the spring, in April - May, all tree branches damaged by frost are already clearly visible: they either do not come to life at all, or their buds open with delay. If the shoots still started to grow

Improved copulation is usually done when the thickness of the scion and rootstock is approximately the same. First, determine the branch to which you will graft the cutting. Place a blade at the grafting site

Grafting with butt is used when the stock is thicker than the cutting. First, cut the branch at the grafting site at a right angle, make a small bevel on one side of the cut. On the other side of the end of the branch

You bought a substandard drug. To avoid buying "left-handed" chemicals, contact reputable specialized stores. The market and private traders are more likely to

Fishing belts are wide strips (15-20 cm) made of straw bundles, thick paper, matting, shavings applied in rings to the trunks and thick branches of trees to destroy pests.

Experts have described about 30 types of plums. They differ in a number of specific features. The most important species is the domestic plum (Primus domestica L.). This species is rich in varieties

Real Hungarian women, renklods and mirabelles in Russia are mainly cultivated in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, the Rostov Region and the plum-growing regions of the North Caucasus

However, this requires special techniques and technologies. For those who do not have such knowledge, the optimal planting period is spring and autumn. At this time it goes down

Plants are planted quickly, protecting the roots from damage and drying. This is done as follows: fathoms are lowered into a hole, on a mound or flat surface

First, it is thinned out, removing to the base low-lying, as well as broken, intertwining, weak, diseased and low-yielding branches of all ages. Usually such plants

Gooseberry shoot aphid. Damages leaves on young gooseberry shoots. In the spring (during the period of bud swelling), the larvae hatched from eggs that overwintered on the shoots

American powdery mildew (spheroteka) on gooseberries. The most dangerous gooseberry disease. Young parts of plants are affected: leaves, petioles, shoots, green and ripening berries.

Strawberries attract gardeners all over the world with amazing, almost fabulous qualities, which, in a rare combination, are collected only in one: outwardly attractive, fragrant

At the end of last autumn, in November, after a long Indian summer, night frosts suddenly hit - right on the bare ground. And after an unfavorable winter, the spring return cold lasted for a long time.

I am constantly hunting for new varieties of strawberries. The year before last, the unexpected trophy was the "strawberry tree" - at least that's what a saleswoman in one of the Moscow firms called it.

Alas, our garden "princess" - strawberries are not long-lived. It is well known that the planting of strawberries has to be renewed every three to four years, giving it a new place of residence each time.

Galina Rogova, Mozhaisk: "I usually start working in the garden with sowing radishes. Are there any new varieties this year? Which ones are better to choose? What to look for when buying and sowing seeds?"

Tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, cucumbers have already been removed from the dacha greenhouse. It stands empty and dull, as if asking: “Prepare me for the next season.” How best to do this?

Soil is a special complex natural formation. The system works according to the principles of self-regulation, and a person should not rudely interfere with the laws by which it develops and exists.

It turns out that in the winter cold, plants can quickly give a crop. In an apartment on the windowsill, you can get such unconventional healthy greens that you will not find in any vegetable market.

Not all plants are capable of producing fruits without pollination. In warm weather, this is usually no problem, insects do their job, and in cold weather, you will have to take care of pollination.

Valentina Laskina, Moscow: “I recently read in your newspaper that wild pollinating insects are much more resilient than domestic bees and better pollinate gardens, especially in bad weather.

Do you want miracle trees and unusual shrubs to grow in your garden? If so, then learn to plant the plants. This will require not only skill, but also excellent, perfect tools.

To do this, after planting, one or two of the strongest, most well-located shoots are left in the bush. On these shoots, all buds are removed from below up to a height of 30-40 cm.

Anna Bykova, Ramenskoye, Moscow region: "Apples, which had to be removed after a week or two, suddenly began to become covered with tiny brown spots, at first small

Vera Pichugina, Mikhnevo, Moscow region: "This spring, due to rainy weather and heavy floods, I could not sprinkle my fruit trees with anything. Instead of the expected white-pink

Gennady Zotov, Tver: "There were a lot of fallen apples this year. The trees seem to be healthy, and the fruits fall prematurely. Why is this happening?"

The pear leaves rolled into a tube are the result of the activity of the polyphagous tube-worm. This beetle is fairly widespread, but usually causes minor harm.

Many people are very worried when a tiny butterfly appears in the apartment - a clothes moth, whose caterpillars in just a season can greatly ruin the clothes stored in closets.

Vera Skvortsova, Galich: "Apple trees of summer and autumn varieties grow in my garden. This year we have a good harvest. But I don’t know exactly when to harvest the fruits. How to determine these terms

Many summer residents have transformed their vegetable garden by creating stationary raised ridges, edged with wood or other material. Growing vegetables this way not only makes work easier

Patisson is a type of bushy hard-bark (ordinary) pumpkin. They eat both young ovaries and fruits, as well as larger ones, similar to plates with a border. Their pulp, although dense, is very tender.

Summer is in full swing and gardeners are starting to harvest. Since early spring, they have been grooming and nurturing their green pets and waiting for the plants to be thanked for their care.

In recent years, many housewives have complained that the seeds of peas, beans and beans that they store at home are severely damaged by some pest, after which they are no longer suitable for food.

In the middle lane and to the north, some gooseberries and currants began to turn red in June. One would think that they began to ripen before the deadline.

To make the horseradish juicy, even and fleshy, you can plant its cuttings now, and dig up the finished roots in the fall of next season, letting them gain strength in a year and a half.

In order for actinidia and lemongrass to grow well and bear fruit, they need not only to be properly planted, but also to install supports and regularly cut the vines. Today we will tell

The American Indians called it tomato, from the Spaniards and the French came the name tomato (love apple, golden apple), but we call this culture this way and that.

Actinidia are southern subtropical plants; in their natural environment they live in Japan, Korea, China, India and other countries B, and Southeast. Asia. In Russia, actinidia are common in the Far East

Fruits and berries are essential in human nutrition. Of greatest interest are those that contain a large amount of vitamins, trace elements and other substances.

If irga does not grow on your site, then, probably, you at least have heard of korinka. So the real scientific name for cinnamon is round-leaved irga, or ordinary. But she's not quite ordinary.

We are used to the fact that apricots grow mainly in the south. Much has changed in recent years. Thanks to the efforts of breeders, they can now be grown near Moscow.

Alla Kashina, Ramenskoye: "My grown-up children planted the entire plot with flowers and beautiful shrubs, leaving only a few beds for the garden. I'm not complaining, the garden has become very beautiful

Vegetables in the room are more demanding on the soil than on the garden bed, because in a pot the plant is forced to develop a root system in very cramped conditions. Therefore, the soil must be close to ideal.

All gardeners plant dill, but not everyone grows it juicy and lush. Often, skinny bushes are cast red or yellow and bloom quickly.

The fact is that the correct preparation of the site and the introduction of pre-planting fertilizers is 50% of the guaranteed yield within 3-4 years. After all, as the people say: "The earth

Recently, more and more often in the gardens there are columnar apple trees. They almost do not form lateral branches and grow into one trunk vertically upward, therefore they are usually called columns.

Both adults and children love sweet and fragrant garden strawberries, but it's a pity that you can feast on them in the Moscow region for only a month - from the end of June to the end of July. And so you want

It is known that it is not enough to grow and collect a rich harvest, it is important to preserve it. In preserves, compotes and jams, there are not too many valuable substances for which you worked so hard all season

If you want to replenish your garden with new varieties of apple and pear, rely on varieties that are winter-hardy and resistant to diseases and pests. When choosing and buying seedlings, be very careful.

Any gardener wants to sow seedlings early in order to get, as they say, a longer run in time and, therefore, an early harvest. But if you plant it sooner, you won't end up with a hassle!

Now I'll tell you about where I sow the seeds and why. Sprouted seeds of tomatoes and peppers of the first stage, as well as all cucumbers (they don't like picking), I sow in high transparent containers

Oddly enough, but the reason for the suppression of seedlings and vegetables on the windowsill can be ordinary water with which we water the plants.

Irina Sazonova, Troitsk: “I have long dreamed of planting jasmine with strawberry aroma in the garden, I finally bought it. Last year the bush bloomed profusely, but the promised fragrance was not there.

In our article, we are talking about general cleaning of the greenhouse, so that before early planting there are no pests and microorganisms left in the soil and construction details that contribute to the development of plant diseases.

Scarce information is given in books for gardeners about sawdust. It is only said that they acidify the soil. So summer residents are afraid to use sawdust. And in vain!

There is always something missing in the room for the growth of vegetables: sometimes there is not enough space, sometimes the soil is poor, sometimes it is dark outside the window. Everyone solves such problems in their own way. You can approach this comprehensively.

It is known that on cloudy days the light intensity on the windowsill is 10 times less than what plants need. Due to the lack of light, the sprouts stretch out, develop much more slowly

The author of the article is candidate of agricultural sciences. Sci. Lydia Yurina explains the causes and mechanism of sunburn of fruit trees in gardens at summer cottages. The publication introduces the varieties of fruit trees included

Most often in the middle lane, varieties that are valuable in taste, but not winter-hardy enough suffer from sunburn (for example, apple varieties such as "Lobo", "Spartan", "Melba", "Biforest", "Clos")

Cherry is one of the most beloved horticultural crops; gardeners love it for its early maturity. Most of its varieties begin to bear fruit in the 3-4th year after planting, and some even from the second year.

Bolotovskaya (Sverdlovsk Experimental Gardening Station) - the variety obtained from free pollination of steppe cherry. Late ripening variety (first decade of August).

Cherry has been known in Russia since the 12th century. It was widespread in Russian orchards and in terms of "importance" has always followed the apple tree. It was appreciated for its yield, delicious and healing fruits.

Common cherry is common in the European part of Russia. Its northern border is conventionally considered the line St. Petersburg - Vologda - Kirov. Limits cherry promotion to

Steppe cherry, it is also called Bushy, Siberian, Ural, Samara. The natural area of ​​its distribution from the Center of Europe through Ukraine, the Volga region, the Southern Urals to Western Siberia.

Felt cherry, or it is also called fluffy. Chinese, Ando, ​​Tomentosa. From China it penetrated the Far East, and then into Siberia, the Urals and the European part of Russia.

Felt cherries propagate like currants by cuttings and seeds. The method of propagation by seeds is available to every gardener, while, as you know, plants are easier to adapt to new conditions

The life span of the bushes is 12-13 years. Planting and care are the same as for currants and gooseberries. The authors had a chance to grow felt and common cherries in the Middle Lane

Sea buckthorn, say, in our suburbs began to spread back in the forties. The emergence of this culture was greatly facilitated by T.T. Trofimov.

Growing from seeds. It is better to sow seeds in spring, because during autumn planting during thaws, the seeds begin to germinate, and die in winter. But with seed reproduction about

Sea buckthorn prefers light sandy loam soils. If the soil is heavy, clayey, then before planting, it is necessary to add two to three buckets of river sand for each square meter.

Feed or not? How often do amateur gardeners ask themselves this question. And, of course, doubts are not in vain, since there is not always a need for summer feeding of fruit and berry plants.

Lettuce in Russia is cultivated everywhere: in the Far North and in the Arctic, in the south in the Middle zone. In the north, both head and leaf can be successfully grown. Its seedlings can withstand frosts down to -2 ° С

A shady resting area and a flat lawn, a small water mirror and several boulders nearby - not only will decorate the site by themselves, but will also increase the variety of plants

For an amateur who first received a plot for a garden and vegetables, its development can be a serious problem. Usually, this work should take 2-3 years.

Relief formation is the most important operation in preparing a site for planting. Those who got an area with a slope of the surface or, for example, with a ravine, should not be upset

Anatoly Kuzenko, Belgorod region: "I purchased a plot on the site of a former collective farm field. I am going to plant a garden in the spring. I have heard that all crops should be planted separately, and not alternately. Is that so?"

The beginning of the dacha harvest usually coincides with the purchase of seeds and occurs long before leaving the city. This is a very important stage in the life of a gardener, because yields largely depend on his success.

We will try to help you. It is precisely such plants, adapted to the short and cool summer, which is common in the middle lane, and not suffering from diseases, that breeders tried to create.

At the end of April, in order not to bother with sowing seeds and growing seedlings, you can immediately buy high-quality young plants of resistant varieties. The safest way to buy them is in large

Anatoly Bystrov. Taldom: We have high groundwater. In the fall, I made flower beds, pits for seedlings of fruit trees, filled them with fertilizers. Are there any features of planting and caring for plants in flower beds?

The main early spring event is spraying the plants at the very beginning of bud break. Please note that apple and pear trees may not be harvested due to weevils and other pests.

Our summer cottage village almost burned out this summer - there are peat bogs all around, and we have solid peat on our site. Is it possible to somehow change the structure of the soil?

Banding is the removal of bark all the way to the wood around tree branches. As a result of such an operation, nutrients are retained at the site of the ring, which contributes to

Pruning trees and shrubs correctly and on time will keep them healthy and look as beautiful as you want them to be. We are often completely in vain afraid to approach the plant and remove the excess.

The first one, sanitary, is simple, applies to most plants and is carried out to maintain their health. Even an inexperienced gardener can learn it. You need to start with it in any case.

Such trees take root well if they have not been outside the soil for too long. For better growth and development, root pruning is very helpful.

An experienced gardener understands: before planting something, you need to "know" the land. What is its composition, acidic or not, how many organic substances it contains, what is the density

The acidity (pH) or alkalinity of the soil is the reaction of the soil environment. The agrochemical properties of the soil and plant growth depend on this indicator. On soils with high acidity

The mechanical (granulometric) composition of the soil is the relative content of particles of different diameters in the soil. Soil contains four essential components

Soil moisture is the content of moisture in the soil in three states (solid, liquid and gaseous). Soil moisture is expressed as a percentage of dry soil mass or volume.


A beautiful vegetable garden. Photo how to combine plants

However, it is not enough just to decorate the beds themselves beautifully. To completely transform the garden, you need to work on their contents.

Much of what grows in your garden is beautiful in itself. Why not take advantage of this?

How can you diversify your garden?

Let's look at these photos of how you can plant plants, taking into account their appearance, so that plant combinations create interesting compositions.

Moreover, you can combine not only useful crops with each other. Nobody forbade planting flowers and ornamental plants right in the cabbage patch.

And it is not at all necessary to plant everything in even parallel rows. Try to remember other shapes from school geometry.

Or create creative chaos, the harmony of which is not explained by the severity of forms and lines.

Imagine! But keep in mind the basic principles of compatibility and crop rotation.

When planting tall plants, also remember that they can create shade for their short neighbors.


Hello dear friends, those who follow my notes of an enthusiastic florist. Today I want to tell the story of one rose that is not over yet. And I hope that she will have a happy ending. There are probably at least a hundred flowers in my collection. I never.

How to feed strawberries in spring - for a good harvest

Salute, comrades gardeners-gardeners! Today we are discussing how to feed strawberries (garden strawberries) in the spring for a good harvest, so that the berries are large, so that they


Artichoke prickly, or real

Effective in gravel gardens, natural style summer cottages.


Thorny artichoke photo of the author

Artichoke prickly, or real (Cynara scolymus) - antidiabetic rhizome member of the Asteraceae family. He comes from the Mediterranean. This is an architectural perennial (in the south) large (up to 2 m high, up to 1-1.5 m wide) plant, grown as an annual in central Russia. Interesting grayish-green pinnately dissected leaves. The prickly artichoke is winter-hardy in the southern zone of horticulture, its winter temperature minimum is -17.8 ° С. It grows well and blooms in an open, sunny location of east and west orientation, sheltered from the winds on fertile, moderately moist, drained soils. In cool and rainy summers it may not bloom, but the artichoke will still be attractive with its carved leaves.

They are planted, keeping the distance between plants 60-70 cm. The depth of seeding - 6 cm does not tolerate transplanting, since it has a large taproot. As an annual seedlings are sown in February. It is better to grow in one place no more than 4 years. Prune in the fall when the plant dries up. Can be damaged by snails, slugs, disease resistant.


Artichoke can be used to make many dishes, photo from eatsmarter.de

During the flowering period (in the south - in June-July), it becomes a focal plant, decorated with large, up to 15 cm in diameter, blue-violet baskets. Here is just the bottom, or the overgrown receptacle of a basket with wrapping leaves, which tastes like unripe walnuts, is used in nutrition as a valuable dietary product. When collecting the edible part of the artichoke baskets, a part of the peduncle is always cut off, 9-10 cm long. Salads, sauces, mashed potatoes are made from it, and canned. Dry leaves are used in the preparation of choleretic tea. However, the artichoke is contraindicated for intestinal inflammation.

Practical tip: toorzinki of artichoke inflorescences ("cones") are cut off at a time when they are just beginning to open, checking them for elasticity by touch: they should be tight, heavy, in no case sluggish.

Some gourmets boil artichoke petioles, previously peeled of thorns, in salted water with lemon juice, and then use them in various dishes. For more details on the whole process, see this video (though there is no translation, but everything is clear anyway):

When and how to harvest an artichoke, see this video:

Practical advice: you need to cook the "cones" of the artichoke whole, without cutting (the cuts darken), after removing the thin prickly ends of the scales with a pruning shears. If you don’t have a saucepan of a suitable size, you can cut it into pieces, but acidify the cooking water with lemon juice or citric acid. True gourmets know the taste of both raw (unripe walnut) and boiled artichoke (similar to the taste of asparagus, cauliflower, green peas). The latter is used as a side dish or a separate dish, served with sauces.


These artichoke baskets are only suitable for immortelles and dried flower arrangements, photo of the author

Inflorescences are used in cut and dry compositions.

It is interesting

  • The prickly artichoke, or the real one, has an equally interesting relative - Spanish artichoke, or cardon (Cynara cardunculus)... But his food is not baskets, but fleshy petioles (see above).
  • Cardon was especially popular in southern Europe until 1533, when Catherine de Medici, after marrying Henry II, ordered to cultivate it as a medicinal plant that preserves youth, heals melancholy and helps people become "aphoristic".
  • It is believed that the artichoke came to Russia thanks to Peter I.At first, it was grown in the famous pharmaceutical gardens as a medicinal and delicacy vegetable plant, including in the vicinity of St. Petersburg, then the thermophilic artichoke "moved" to the greenhouses of manor estates, where citrus and other exotic plants grew.
  • It is known that such eminent Moscow vegetable growers of the last century as Pyshkin N.M., Sterio G.S., Grachev E.K. have successfully grown the artichoke for sale, supplying it to shops and restaurants in the city.
  • Even in pre-revolutionary gardening reference books, methods of forced flowering of an artichoke in the first year of planting were discussed. They all boiled down to creating unfavorable conditions (to stimulate flowering). Among them were exposing seedlings to ice, and cutting roots when transplanting into open ground, and breeding an early maturing "one-year" variety, and so on. However, none of the methods guaranteed 100% of the result, so large areas had to be allocated for the artichoke, where the likelihood of flowering plants increased due to their number per unit area.

What else to see on the site about artichoke:
Artichoke is a gourmet vegetable and more


Watch the video: Basic Gardening: How to Grow and Harvest Okra the needed information on a successful harvest