There are a great many different varieties of melons. Ethiopka variety is one of the most popular... It was developed by Russian breeders. Its differences from other varieties are in high germination of sprouts and large size of fruits. Ethiopka melon fruits are easy to transport and are remembered for their sweet taste.
Description and characteristics of the Ethiopka variety
Melon Ethiopian perfectly tolerates heat and is not susceptible to sunburn on the crust.
A feature of the Ethiopka variety is self-pollination. Thanks to this, all her flowers are tied.
The bush of the variety looks compact, without long lashes. It will be possible to collect 5-6 fruits from one bush.
According to the description, Ethiopian fruits are large, round, dark yellow in color and separated by stripes on the rind... Because of this, they look like a pumpkin. The fruits are rough to the touch, covered with a fine mesh pattern.
Its pulp is white and juicy, exudes a pleasant melon aroma. It tastes like honey.
- mid-early grade;
- fruits ripen in 80 days;
- the average weight of the fetus is 4 kg;
- shelf life of fruits - a month;
- the thick rind allows you to transport fruits without fear of damaging them.
Preparing for planting
Melon Ethiopian - heat-loving plant... In the southern regions of Russia, seeds can be sown directly into the ground and sprouting can be expected.
In the middle and northern latitudes of the country, it is preferable to use the Ethiopian seedling planting method.
Experienced gardeners prepare seedlings in mid-April. After a month, if there are 3-4 leaves, the seedlings are planted in a permanent place.
This will allow the melon to ripen and avoid unexpected frosts, because the low temperature is detrimental to the melon. And besides, the seedling method will allow you to harvest the melon 2-3 weeks earlier.
Before planting, the seeds are prepared... They are soaked for a day in warm water or in a special composition for pre-treatment of seeds. This will saturate the seeds with trace elements and improve germination.
At the preparation stage, it is easy to identify low-quality seeds: those that float in the water are thrown away, those that fell to the bottom will give a good harvest.
Seeds are planted in special containers for seedlings, peat pots or homemade utensils. So that the sprouts are not intertwined with roots, they are planted in individual containers or seated from each other.
The soil for the melon needs loose so that the water does not stagnate, fertile and not acidic. Clayy and saline soil will not work - the melon will die in it.
You can take garden soil, but you need to prepare it:
- Reduce soil acidity with lime, sand, or eggshells.
- Add peat and compost to enrich the soil.
- Disinfect the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
In the containers where the earth will be filled up, holes should be made to drain the excess water. Drainage is poured at the bottom, and a layer of soil is laid out on top. The seeds are immersed to a depth of 4-5 cm and covered with foil.
When the first shoots appear, the film is removed... If the seeds were planted in a common container, then the frail sprouts are removed. The rest are fertilized with mineral fertilizers and placed in a sunny place.
If it is not possible to give the seedlings enough light in the living room, then worth buying plant lamps.
Planting and watering
Seedlings should be planted in mid-May.... It is prepared by reducing watering and exposing it to the street for a couple of hours. This is how the sprouts adapt to the future environment.
The sprouts are planted in the ground at a distance of half a meter from each other. The bed can be preheated by digging humus mixed with earth to a depth of 40-50 cm. Make holes above it for future sprouts and pour water over them abundantly.
When the water is absorbed into the soil, seedlings can be planted. Melon sprouts are buried in the ground at the level of the lower leaves.
The water temperature for irrigation Ethiopians should not be lower than the ambient temperature. It is necessary to ensure that the soil around the stem does not dry out, but it is dangerous to flood the plants.
The soil around the stem should be dry, but not dry. You will have to water more often on hot days than on cool ones.
Watering should be stopped half a month before harvestso that the fruits gain the right amount of sugars, and the pulp does not become watery.
Ethiopian melon responds well to fertilizers containing potassium. In addition, many gardeners use herbal infusion for feeding Ethiopians and sprinkle the ground around the plant with wood ash.
It both nourishes the soil and helps in pest control.
Ethiopian is susceptible to fungal diseases:
- Olive spot.
- Powdery mildew.
With olive spot oily gray spots appear on the plants. Disinfection of the soil and cleaning of plant debris and affected plants from the garden will help to avoid the fungus.
When the first signs of a fungus appear, it is recommended to spray the plants with a Bordeaux mixture or kartocide.
Blackleg most often it affects the fragile sprouts of seedlings and destroys them. The roots of the affected plants rot, the reasons for this lie in:
- the presence of fungal spores in the soil;
- excess humidity in the room;
- excessive watering;
- temperature drops.
To prevent this from happening, you need to follow the planting regime and make sure that the sprouts receive enough light.
For the prevention of blackleg, peat tablets and soaking of seeds in Fitosporin are used. This drug is also used to treat affected plants.
The appearance of white bloom on the leaves is a sign of powdery mildew damage. Under the bloom, ulcers form, the spores of the fungus draw out nutritious juices from the affected plant.
Powdery mildew appears when there is an excess of nitrogen in the soil and in case of violation of the irrigation regime. Fight powdery mildew with fungicidal agents:
Melon cultivation Ethiopian does not require specific conditions... If you follow simple rules, you can easily get a large (on average 100 centners per hectare) crop.
Ethiopian melon is popular in Russia, countries of Central and Asia Minor. Breeders are constantly improving this variety. In the future, new varieties of melon will appear on the basis of the Ethiopka variety.
The Ethiopka variety is medium early, ripens in 75 days. The plant is powerful, branchy, but compact when compared to other melon varieties. The leaves are heart-shaped, large, rough. The yield is high - 90-145 kg / ha.
Melon Ethiopka has large or medium-sized fruits - 3-7 kg, however, due to unfavorable conditions, lack of sun, additional fertilizing, they can grow small - up to 1.5 kg. The color is yellow-orange, round, slightly elongated, divided into segments, like a pumpkin. The indentations of these segments can be greenish, light yellow or gray when overripe. The peel is dense, but thin, rough, with a coarse mesh. The color of the flesh, even in overripe melons, is usually uneven. Closer to the seeds, it is creamy, and closer to the peel, it is greenish.
Ripe melon has a very peculiar taste. Closer to the seeds, the pulp is oily, loose, sweet, juicy. Closer to the skin it can be loose. There is no astringency at all. The taste is a little exotic, so the variety is in great demand. It is also always distinguished due to its strong, honeyed aroma.
Growing melon seedlings Ethiopian
How to choose fruits when buying
How to choose a ripe and tasty melon in a store or market? Pay primary attention to the appearance of the fruit. The melon must be whole, free from damage and scratches. Ripe Ethiopian melon always has a pronounced sweet aroma, so it will not be superfluous to listen to the smell of the product.
Light cotton will help to determine ripeness: if a dull sound is heard, then the melon is ripe. In this case, the peel should not be too soft or hard.
Important! Don't buy melons near roads. Often in such places the fruits lie behind the ground, which means that through small cracks they can become infected with dangerous infections.
Choosing the right pumpkin when buying
Before choosing an Ethiopian melon, it is worth studying the recommendations. You should not buy a product next to roads, where melons often lie on the ground, and all kinds of bacteria and infections can get inside through microcracks on the peel.
When buying on the market or in a store, the main attention should be paid to the appearance:
- The fruit must be intact - no damage (dents, scratches, dark spots) is allowed.
- The peel should be elastic to the touch. Too hard indicates an unripe fruit, soft - the melon "overstayed".
- Ripe fruits can vary in color from bright yellow to yellow-orange. Green spots also indicate that the crop was harvested ahead of time.
- The aroma of a ripe melon is always bright, pronounced.
To determine how ripe the melon is on the counter, just slap it lightly with your palm. A dull sound says that the fruit is ripe.
Reviews about the melon variety Kolkhoznitsa
Melons kolkhoz woman, CINDERELLA, ZLATO Scythians, Ethiopian, when overripe, become loose, like potatoes, but remain sweet and do not ferment.Meloner
My kolkhoz woman matured for a long time, and was poorly accepted after disembarking in the greenhouse, as a result, he took off the first melon only in September, she tasted simple.He4
Good Pineapple and Golden (Golden turned out to be the most unpretentious, juicy sweet, fragrant with a thin skin). The collective farmer is also tasty, but she is late. Therefore, for two years now I have an unclaimed bag. I still try to plant early. You can plant it early, but preferably in peat pots, so as not to damage the roots during transplantation.
http://www.tomat-pomidor.com/forums/topic/119-%D0%B4%D1%8B%D0%BD%D1%8C%D0%BA%D1%83-%D0%BF%D0% BE% D1% 81% D0% B0% D0% B4% D0% B8% D0% BC /
We recently bought a Kolkhoznitsa melon on the highway and another one, I forgot the name. I had some skepticism about the Kolkhoz woman because of the name - I thought it was something collective farm, ancient, out of date ... And when I tried her, my eyes became square from her taste, sweetness and aroma. Just a gorgeous melon! Next year, God willing, I will definitely plant her.Vadim
The collective farmer was unsuccessful - not sweet. Now we eat delicious jam from it - like marmalade. In general, think so - for jam, a collective farmer's melon is now the cheapest fruit!Yaroslavna
Melon Kolkhoznitsa is a well-deserved variety, known to everyone. It is very tasty and unpretentious, it can be grown almost everywhere, except for the northern regions, its cultivation is also available for beginners.
It is possible to plant the Ethiopka variety in open soil only after the period of night frosts has passed. Under the influence of subzero temperatures and cold winds, the culture may die.
In order for the melon to grow well, it is necessary to provide appropriate conditions for it. This primarily concerns the soil. It should be fertile, non-acidic and saturated with organic matter. It is important that the soil can easily pass water and air to the root system.
Important! If you plant a melon on heavy loamy, saline or sandy soil, you can forget about a good harvest.
When the seedlings have 5-6 leaves, this will be a signal that it is time to transplant them to a heated garden bed or greenhouse. During the day of planting, the seedlings need to be watered abundantly.
You need to equip the garden in a sunny place, which is protected from the north side. A mixture of humus and earth is buried to a half-meter depth, seedlings are planted on top of it.
To prevent the appearance of mold, before planting, you can water the furrows with a non-concentrated solution of potassium permanganate.
The distance between the holes is 50 cm. Before planting, they are watered abundantly with non-cold water. As soon as the soil absorbs water, you can start planting plants, deepening to the level of the first leaves. At each stalk, a tubercle is formed from the soil and fenced off with a groove. This will eliminate stagnation of water at the root collar and prevent rotting of the root system.
When the seedlings are planted in the ground, they need to be protected. To do this, it can be covered with foil, glazed frames or cut-off plastic bottles.
Melon Ethiopka is a fruitful variety that bears large and sweet fruits, the pulp of which is rich in vitamins, minerals and other useful substances. To grow melons, use the seedling method or plant seeds directly on the garden bed. For abundant fruiting, plants require watering, feeding and the formation of a bush.